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Production of TNF-alpha and IL-1 in infectious and autoimmune diseases is associated with fever, fatigue, and sleep disturbances, which are collectively referred to as sickness behavior syndrome. In mice TNF-alpha and IL-1 increase nonrapid eye movement sleep. Because clock genes regulate the circadian rhythm and thereby locomotor activity and may alter(More)
Considering the discrepant results of the recent biomechanical studies, the purpose of this study was to simulate dynamic muscle-loaded knee flexion with a large number of specimens and to analyse the influence of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) without and with patellar resurfacing on the patellofemoral pressure distribution. In 22 cadaver knee specimens,(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with anterior knee pain and patellar instability, a specific training of the quadriceps muscle - especially the vastus medialis - is often recommended, although the practicability is discussed controversially and the proof of a measurable clinical effect is difficult. Therefore, this in vitro study investigates the influence of(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the HIV care cascade for Switzerland in the year 2012. DESIGN/METHODS Six levels were defined: (i) HIV-infected, (ii) HIV-diagnosed, (iii) linked to care, (iv) retained in care, (v) on antiretroviral treatment (ART), and (vi) with suppressed viral load. We used data from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS) complemented by a nationwide(More)
AIMS We identified 10 patients with disseminated Mycobacterium chimaera infections subsequent to open-heart surgery at three European Hospitals. Infections originated from the heater-cooler unit of the heart-lung machine. Here we describe clinical aspects and treatment course of this novel clinical entity. METHODS AND RESULTS Interdisciplinary care and(More)
INTRODUCTION Preoperative nasal mupirocin has been shown to reduce surgical site infections (SSIs) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. We analyzed the effect of mupirocin plus antiseptic body wash on SSI rate and etiology. METHODS Prospective SSI surveillance was done for patients undergoing cardiac surgery before and after implementation of mupirocin(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive Mycobacterium chimaera infections were diagnosed in 2012 in 2 heart surgery patients on extracorporeal circulation. We launched an outbreak investigation to identify the source and extent of the potential outbreak and to implement preventive measures. METHODS We collected water samples from operating theaters, intensive care units, and(More)
PURPOSE Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) decolonization is a widely established, though controversial part of many MRSA controlling strategies. The aim of this study was to evaluate our decolonization success rate, identify the risk factors for decolonization failure and determine the optimal duration of follow-up in our low MRSA(More)
BACKGROUND In 2014, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) and partners set the '90-90-90 targets'; aiming to diagnose 90% of all HIV positive people, provide antiretroviral therapy (ART) for 90% of those diagnosed and achieve viral suppression for 90% of those treated, by 2020. This results in 81% of all HIV positive people on(More)
Stereoselectivities of the dihydroxylations of cis-bicyclo[3.3.0]octene intermediates for a projected total synthesis of chromodorolide A have been explored experimentally. The reaction occurs unexpectedly on the apparently more hindered (concave) face; this result has been explained through computational studies using B3LYP and B3LYP-D3 methods. Torsional(More)