Philipp Hoffmann

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Selenium (Se) is a nutritional trace mineral essential for various aspects of human health that exerts its effects mainly through its incorporation into selenoproteins as the amino acid, selenocysteine. Twenty-five selenoprotein genes have been identified in humans and several selenoproteins are broadly classified as antioxidant enzymes. As progress is made(More)
Descriptive studies in humans investigating the relationship between selenium (Se) status and asthma have presented inconsistent results. The concept of low Se status as a potential risk factor for increased prevalence or severity of asthma is based on the role that Se, through its incorporation into selenoproteins, plays as a potent antioxidant capable of(More)
Whether prepubertal estrogen production impacts on the timing of puberty is not clear. We aimed to investigate prepubertal 24-h estrogen excretion levels and their association with early and late pubertal markers. Daily urinary excretion rates of estrogens of 132 healthy children, who provided 24-h urine samples 1 and 2 yr before the start of the pubertal(More)
Nationwide HIV-1 seroprevalence rates in Vietnam are estimated to be almost 10% for IV drug users (IVDUs), 3% for female prostitutes, and 2% for males attending clinics for sexually transmitted diseases. These estimated prevalences are comparable to those observed in the same risk groups in Thailand 5 years ago. Blood samples were analyzed from two female(More)
The elimination half-life and consequently the accumulation of enoxaparin increase as glomerular filtration rate (GFR) decreases. A dose adjustment for patients with a GFR <30 ml/min is recommended and considered relatively safe. Our intention was to identify whether the use of enoxaparin is safe and to determine what impact an enoxaparin dose adjustment(More)
More than 4,000 persons with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection have been identified in Vietnam through sentinel surveillance since 1990, when the first case of HIV-1 infection was diagnosed in a young woman in Ho Chi Minh City. Currently, the estimated HIV-1 seroprevalences of 10% for injection drug users (IDU) and 3% for female(More)
Proteins are the molecules that fulfil most cellular functions and represent over 90% of drug targets in the market. Chromophore-assisted laser inactivation (CALI) provides a timely and locally restricted protein inactivation and has proven to specifically destroy protein function using dye-coupled ligands and laser irradiation. CALI involves the generation(More)
GB virus C/hepatitis G virus (GBV-C/HGV), a recently discovered orphan flavivirus, is distantly related to hepatitis C virus (HCV). Although both GBV-C/HGV and HCV can be transmitted by the parenteral route, their principal modes of transmission and associated risk behaviors may differ. Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, the 5'-noncoding(More)
We present our GPU-based implementations of three wellknown algorithms for solving parity games. Our implementations are in general faster by a factor of at least two than the corresponding implementations found in the widely known PGSolver collection of solvers. For benchmarking we use several of PGSolver’s benchmarks as well as arenas obtained by means of(More)