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A transgene, pHRD, is highly methylated in 12 independent mouse lines when in a C57BL/6 strain background, but becomes progressively less methylated when bred into a DBA/2 background. Transgenes inherited from the mother are generally more methylated; however, this parental effect disappears following continued breeding into the nonmethylating strain.(More)
Large-scale genomic sequencing projects have provided DNA sequence information for many genes, but the biological functions for most of them will only be known through functional studies. Bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) and P1-derived artificial chromosomes (PACs) are large genomic clones stably maintained in bacteria and are very important in(More)
We have previously described a line of transgenic mice with multiple head-to-tail copies of an artificial V-J recombination substrate and have shown that the methylation of this transgene is under the control of a dominant strain-specific modifier gene, Ssm-1. When the transgene array is highly methylated, no recombination is detectable, but when it is(More)
Transgenic mice were produced that carried in their germlines rearranged kappa and/or mu genes with V kappa and VH regions from the myeloma MOPC-167 kappa and H genes, which encode anti-PC antibody. The mu genes contain either a complete gene, including the membrane terminus (mu genes), or genes in which this terminus is deleted and only the secreted(More)
A rearrangement test gene, pHRD, containing the mouse IgH enhancer and the metallothionein promoter, has previously been shown to rearrange efficiently after transfection into a pre-B cell line. Experiments are now reported that assess the requirements of the DNA substrate as well as of the transfected cells for efficient rearrangement. It was found that(More)
The products of V(D)J recombination are coding and signal joints. We show that the nucleotide composition of the coding ends affects V(D)J recombination. The presence of Ts at the 5' end of either the 12 mer or the 23 mer recombination signal sequence (RSS) greatly decreases coding and signal joint formation, and Ts at the 5' ends of both RSSs eliminate(More)
A cDNA clone was isolated from a mouse pre-B cell line, the sequence of which has a very high homology with rat and human thymosin beta 4 genes. However, the mouse clone has an insertion of 98 bp relative to the published rat and human sequences upstream of the coding region. By isolation of a second set of clones from a different cDNA library and by(More)
We describe an immunoglobulin gene recombination indicator in which a specific rearrangement via deletion results in the acquisition of a dominant phenotype. The indicator consists of the Escherichia coli xanthine/guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (gpt) gene, whose translation is prevented by the presence of an upstream initiation codon out of frame with(More)