Philipp E Merkl

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Linoleic acid (C18:2(Δ9,12), LA) is crucial for many cell functions in organisms. It has long been a paradigm that animals are unable to synthesize LA from oleic acid (C18:1(Δ9), OA) because they were thought to miss Δ(12)-desaturases for inserting a double bound at the Δ(12)-position. Today it is clear that this is not true for all animals because some(More)
Thiolutin is a disulfide-containing antibiotic and anti-angiogenic compound produced by Streptomyces. Its biological targets are not known. We show that reduced thiolutin is a zinc chelator that inhibits the JAB1/MPN/Mov34 (JAMM) domain-containing metalloprotease Rpn11, a deubiquitinating enzyme of the 19S proteasome. Thiolutin also inhibits the JAMM(More)
The synthesis of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) precursor molecules by RNA polymerase I (Pol I) terminates with the dissociation of the protein-DNA-RNA ternary complex. Based on in vitro results the mechanism of Pol I termination appeared initially to be rather conserved and simple until this process was more thoroughly re-investigated in vivo. A picture emerged that(More)
Different models have been proposed explaining how eukaryotic gene transcription is terminated. Recently, Nsi1, a factor involved in silencing of ribosomal DNA (rDNA), was shown to be required for efficient termination of rDNA transcription by RNA polymerase I (Pol I) in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Nsi1 contains Myb-like DNA binding domains and(More)
Several DNA cis-elements and trans-acting factors were described to be involved in transcription termination and to release the elongating RNA polymerases from their templates. Different models for the molecular mechanism of transcription termination have been suggested for eukaryotic RNA polymerase I (Pol I) from results of in vitro and in vivo(More)
RNA polymerase I (Pol I) activity is crucial to provide cells with sufficient amounts of ribosomal RNA (rRNA). Synthesis of rRNA takes place in the nucleolus, is tightly regulated and is coordinated with synthesis and assembly of ribosomal proteins, finally resulting in the formation of mature ribosomes. Many studies on Pol I mechanisms and regulation in(More)
Many of the fundamental optical and electronic properties of atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides are dominated by strong Coulomb interactions between electrons and holes, forming tightly bound atom-like states called excitons. Here, we directly trace the ultrafast formation of excitons by monitoring the absolute densities of bound and unbound(More)
Please find attached the comments from three scientists that assessed both scientific and technical merits of this interesting contribution. As you will recognize from the enclosed comments, ref#1 advices to broaden the scope of the study addressing further Trf1's recruitment/possible Reb1 competition by further experimentation. Together with necessary(More)
We demonstrate a compact source of energetic and phase-locked multi-terahertz pulses at a repetition rate of 190 kHz. Difference frequency mixing of the fundamental output of an Yb:KGW amplifier with the idler of an optical parametric amplifier in GaSe and LiGaS2 crystals yields a passively phase-locked train of waveforms tunable between 12 and 42 THz. The(More)
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