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The preprotein translocon at the inner envelope of chloroplasts (Tic complex) facilitates the import of nuclear-encoded preproteins into the organelle. Seven distinct subunits have been identified so far. For each of those, specific functions have been proposed based on structural prediction or experimental evidence. Three of those subunits possess modules(More)
Sonomicrometry allows the measurement of the distance between 2 piezoelectric crystals and has been widely used to investigate the contractility of the heart and gastrointestinal tract. The objective of this study was to determine whether this method can be used to quantify the reduction in uterine size in cows postpartum. Seven healthy pluriparous Holstein(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the effects of metritis and subclinical hypocalcemia on reduction of uterine size in dairy cows using ultrasonography and sonomicrometry. Four piezoelectric crystals were implanted via laparotomy into the myometrium of the pregnant uterine horn of 12 pluriparous Holstein Friesian cows 3 weeks before the calculated(More)
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