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BACKGROUND Very little is known about how intervertebral disc (IVD) is formed or maintained. Members of the TGF-beta superfamily are secreted signaling proteins that regulate many aspects of development including cellular differentiation. We recently showed that deletion of Tgfbr2 in Col2a expressing mouse tissue results in alterations in development of IVD(More)
Members of the TGF-beta superfamily are secreted signaling proteins that regulate many aspects of development including growth and differentiation in skeletal tissue. There are three isoforms of TGF-beta that act through the same heteromeric receptor complex. To address the question of the role of TGF-beta signaling in skeletal development, we generated(More)
Wnt5a is a non-canonical signaling Wnt. Low expression of WNT5A is correlated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients. The highly invasive breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and 4T1, express very low levels of WNT5A. To determine if enhanced expression of WNT5A would affect metastatic behavior, we generated WNT5A expressing cells from the 4T1 and(More)
The development of endochondral bones requires the coordination of signals from several cell types within the cartilage rudiment. A signaling cascade involving Indian hedgehog (Ihh) and parathyroid hormone related peptide (PTHrP) has been described in which hypertrophic differentiation is limited by a signal secreted from chondrocytes as they become(More)
Previously, we showed that expression of a dominant-negative form of the transforming growth factor ␤ (TGF-␤) type II receptor in skeletal tissue resulted in increased hypertrophic differentiation in growth plate and articular chondrocytes, suggesting a role for TGF-␤ in limiting terminal differentiation in vivo. Parathyroid hormone–related peptide (PTHrP)(More)
PI 3-kinase enhancer A (PIKE-A) is critical for the activation of Akt signalling, and has an essential function in promoting cancer cell survival. However, its physiological functions are poorly understood. Here, we show that PIKE-A directly associates with both signal transducer and activator of transcription 5a (STAT5a) and prolactin (PRL) receptor, which(More)
INTRODUCTION Previous studies have indicated that transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling has a critical role in cartilage homeostasis and repair, yet the mechanisms of TGF-β's chondroprotective effects are not known. Our objective in this study was to identify downstream targets of TGF-β that could act to maintain biochemical and biomechanical(More)
Introduction: Previous studies have indicated that transforming growth factor b (TGF-b) signaling has a critical role in cartilage homeostasis and repair, yet the mechanisms of TGF-b’s chondroprotective effects are not known. Our objective in this study was to identify downstream targets of TGF-b that could act to maintain biochemical and biomechanical(More)
UNLABELLED Overexpression of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) has been shown to lead to mineralization defects in both the enamel and dentin layers of teeth. A TGFB1 point mutation (H222D), derived from published cases of Camurati-Engelmann disease (CED), has been shown to constitutively activate TGF-β1, leading to excess bone matrix production.(More)