Philip X Rutkowski

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Electrospray ionization of actinyl perchlorate solutions in H(2)O with 5% by volume of dimethylformamide (DMF) produced the isolatable gas-phase complexes, [An(VI)O(2)(DMF)(3)(H(2)O)](2+) and [An(VI)O(2)(DMF)(4)](2+), where An = U, Np, and Pu. Collision-induced dissociation confirmed the composition of the dipositive coordination complexes, and produced(More)
A key distinction between the lanthanide (4f) and the actinide (5f) transition elements is the increased role of f-orbital covalent bonding in the latter. Circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) is an uncommon but powerful spectroscopy which probes the electronic structure of chiral, luminescent complexes or molecules. While there are many examples of CPL(More)
Gas-phase plutonium nitrate anion complexes were produced by electrospray ionization (ESI) of a plutonium nitrate solution. The ESI mass spectrum included species with all four of the common oxidation states of plutonium: Pu(III), Pu(IV), Pu(V), and Pu(VI). Plutonium nitrate complexes were isolated in a quadrupole ion trap and subjected to collision-induced(More)
Several lanthanide and actinide tetranitrate ions, M(III)(NO3)4(-), were produced by electrospray ionization and subjected to collision induced dissociation in quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometers. The nature of the MO(NO3)3(-) products that result from NO2 elimination was evaluated by measuring the relative hydrolysis rates under thermalized conditions.(More)
Anionic lanthanide chloride clusters, Ln(n)Cl(3n+1)(-), were produced by electrospray ionization (ESI) of LnCl(3) in isopropanol, where Ln = La-Lu (except Pm); the clusters were characterized using a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer. High-abundance "magic number" clusters were apparent at n = 4 for the early Ln (La-Sm), and at n = 5 for the late Ln(More)
Gas-phase reactions of thorium hydroxide cations with water were studied in an ion trap and by density functional theory. The Th(OH)(2)(2+) ion adds five inner-shell water molecules. Addition of outer-shell water molecules to produce the Th(OH)(2)(2+)·(H(2)O)(6-8) yields Th(OH)(3)(+)·(H(2)O)(0-3) by intracluster proton transfer and elimination of a(More)
We report the first transmission of solvent-coordinated dipositive plutonyl ion, Pu(VI)O(2)(2+), from solution to the gas phase by electrospray ionization (ESI) of plutonyl solutions in water/acetone and water/acetonitrile. ESI of plutonyl and uranyl solutions produced the isolable gas-phase complexes, [An(VI)O(2)(CH(3)COCH(3))(4,5,6)](2+),(More)
Pulsed laser excitation of bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionato)copper(II) (Cu(TMHD)(2)) in the gas phase produced neutral gaseous copper atoms and nanoparticulate copper deposits on substrates. Copper atoms were formed by the complete dissociation of the ligands from the metal. Time of flight mass spectrometry and resonance enhanced multiphoton(More)
Complementary experimental and computational methods for evaluating relative charge densities of metal cations in gas-phase clusters are presented. Collision-induced dissociation (CID) and/or density functional theory computations were performed on anion clusters of composition MM'A(m+n+1)(-), where the two metal ions have formal charge states M(m+) and(More)
Reported here is a comparison of electron transfer dissociation (ETD) and collision-induced dissociation (CID) of solvent-coordinated dipositive uranyl and plutonyl ions generated by electrospray ionization. Fundamental differences between the ETD and CID processes are apparent, as are differences between the intrinsic chemistries of uranyl and plutonyl.(More)
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