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Bace1 is an endopeptidase that cleaves the amyloid precursor protein at the beta-secretase site. Apart from this cleavage, the functional importance of Bace1 in other physiological events is unknown. We show here that Bace1 regulates the process of myelination and myelin sheath thickness in the central and peripheral nerves. In Bace1-null mice, the process(More)
Gene transfer has potential as a once-only treatment that reduces viral load, preserves the immune system and avoids lifetime highly active antiretroviral therapy. This study, which is to our knowledge the first randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 cell-delivered gene transfer clinical trial, was conducted in 74 HIV-1-infected adults who(More)
Neuregulin-1 (NRG1) and Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia-1 (DISC1) are promising susceptibility factors for schizophrenia. Both are multifunctional proteins with roles in a variety of neurodevelopmental processes, including progenitor cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. Here, we provide evidence linking these factors together in a single pathway,(More)
The MIPS Fusarium graminearum Genome Database (FGDB) was established as a comprehensive genome database on one of the most devastating fungal plant pathogens of wheat, barley and maize. The current version of FGDB v3.1 provides information on the full manually revised gene set based on the Broad Institute assembly FG3 genome sequence. The results of gene(More)
BACE1 is required for the release of beta-amyloid (Abeta) in vivo, and inhibition of BACE1 activity is targeted for reducing Abeta generation in Alzheimer's patients. To further our understanding of the safe use of BACE1 inhibitors in human patients, we aimed to study the physiological functions of BACE1 by characterizing BACE1-null mice. Here, we report(More)
INTRODUCTION Ca2+ spark constitutes the elementary units of cardiac excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling in mature cardiomyocytes. Human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes are known to have electrophysiological properties similar to mature adult cardiomyocytes. However, it is unclear if they share similar calcium handling(More)
Whether elevated beta-secretase (BACE) activity is related to plaque formation or amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) production in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains remains inconclusive. Here, we report that we used sandwich enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay to quantitate various Abeta species in the frontal cortex of AD brains homogenized in 70% formic acid. We(More)
The Negatome is a collection of protein and domain pairs that are unlikely to be engaged in direct physical interactions. The database currently contains experimentally supported non-interacting protein pairs derived from two distinct sources: by manual curation of literature and by analyzing protein complexes with known 3D structure. More stringent lists(More)
Phylogenetic profiling is a well established method for predicting functional relations and physical interactions between proteins. We present a new method for finding such relations based on phylogenetic profiling of conserved domains rather than proteins, avoiding computationally expensive all versus all sequence comparisons among genomes. The resulting(More)
Recent sequencing projects have provided deep insight into fungal lifestyle-associated genomic adaptations. Here we report on the 25 Mb genome of the mutualistic root symbiont Piriformospora indica (Sebacinales, Basidiomycota) and provide a global characterization of fungal transcriptional responses associated with the colonization of living and dead barley(More)