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The MIPS Fusarium graminearum Genome Database (FGDB) was established as a comprehensive genome database on one of the most devastating fungal plant pathogens of wheat, barley and maize. The current version of FGDB v3.1 provides information on the full manually revised gene set based on the Broad Institute assembly FG3 genome sequence. The results of gene(More)
Recent sequencing projects have provided deep insight into fungal lifestyle-associated genomic adaptations. Here we report on the 25 Mb genome of the mutualistic root symbiont Piriformospora indica (Sebacinales, Basidiomycota) and provide a global characterization of fungal transcriptional responses associated with the colonization of living and dead barley(More)
Biotrophic pathogens, such as the related maize pathogenic fungi Ustilago maydis and Sporisorium reilianum, establish an intimate relationship with their hosts by secreting protein effectors. Because secreted effectors interacting with plant proteins should rapidly evolve, we identified variable genomic regions by sequencing the genome of S. reilianum and(More)
Ustilago hordei is a biotrophic parasite of barley (Hordeum vulgare). After seedling infection, the fungus persists in the plant until head emergence when fungal spores develop and are released from sori formed at kernel positions. The 26.1-Mb U. hordei genome contains 7113 protein encoding genes with high synteny to the smaller genomes of the related,(More)
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells have been shown to transdifferentiate into cardiomyocytes after 5-azacytidine treatment or co-culturing with rodent cardiomyocytes. We investigate if adult human bone marrow stem cells can be differentiated ex vivo into cardiomyocyte-like cells (CLCs) independent of cytotoxic agents or co-culturing technique. Sternal bone(More)
Cardiomyocytes (CMs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are important cell types for cardiac repair post myocardial infarction. Here we proved that both CMs and MSCs can be simultaneously generated from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) via a pro-mesoderm differentiation strategy. Two hiPSC lines, hiPSC (1) and hiPSC (2) were generated from human(More)
BACKGROUND Type 3 long QT syndrome (LQT3) is the third most common form of LQT syndrome and is characterized by QT-interval prolongation resulting from a gain-of-function mutation in SCN5A. We aimed to establish a patient-specific human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) model of LQT3, which could be used for future drug testing and development of novel(More)
GeneSet2miRNA is the first web-based tool which is able to identify whether or not a gene list has a signature of miRNA-regulatory activity. As input, GeneSet2miRNA accepts a list of genes. As output, a list of miRNA-regulatory models is provided. A miRNA-regulatory model is a group of miRNAs (single, pair, triplet or quadruplet) that is predicted to(More)
Angiopoietins (ANG-1 and ANG-2) and their TIE-2 receptor tyrosine kinase have wide-ranging effects on tumor malignancy that includes angiogenesis, inflammation, and vascular extravasation. These multifaceted pathways present a valuable opportunity in developing novel inhibition strategies for cancer treatment. However, the regulatory role of ANG-1 and ANG-2(More)
Fungal secondary metabolite biosynthesis genes are of major interest due to the pharmacological properties of their products (like mycotoxins and antibiotics). The genome of the plant pathogenic fungus Fusarium graminearum codes for a large number of candidate enzymes involved in secondary metabolite biosynthesis. However, the chemical nature of most(More)