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PURPOSE This study was conducted to determine the potential influence of PaO2 fluctuation on the retinal neovascular response known to occur in newborn rats exposed to hyperoxic conditions. As an inherent corollary, the authors also defined the relationship between the fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) and the arterial blood oxygen tension (PaO2) in(More)
To investigate the sequence and nature of the peripheral vascular responses during the prodromal period of heat stroke, rats were implanted with Doppler flow probes on the superior mesenteric (SMA), left iliac (LIA) or left renal (LRA), and external caudal (ECA) arteries. Studies were performed in unanesthetized rats (n = 6) exposed to 46 degrees C and in(More)
Ingesting carbohydrate beverages during exercise in cool temperatures can improve endurance performance. However, because hyperosmotic solutions leave the stomach more slowly than water, carbohydrate beverages could be less effective in minimizing the dehydration and hyperthermia that accompany exercise in the heat. To determine the effect of osmotically(More)
Adventitial cystic disease of the venous system is a rare occurrence with only 8 reported cases in the world literature. The most commonly involved segment has been the common femoral vein, resulting in luminal compromise and presenting with extremity swelling. Painless swelling of the right lower extremity in a 37-year-old man was diagnosed as iliofemoral(More)
This study examined the cardiovascular, ventilatory, and phrenic nerve responses to graded activation of mechanically sensitive muscle afferents. Using eight alpha-chloralose anesthetized cats, the left and right triceps surae muscles were stretched individually and simultaneously at progressive increments (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 1.75 cm). Muscle stretch elicited(More)
To examine a possible sexual dimorphism in the osmotic control of arginine vasotocin (AVT) release in birds, age-matched male and female Japanese quail were subjected to water deprivation. The observed increased plasma osmolalities were accompanied by increased plasma AVT levels. Plasma mesotocin levels did not change with water deprivation. The sensitivity(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the reflex hemodynamic responses to static contraction of predominately glycolytic muscle are greater than the changes elicited by primarily oxidative muscle. Low-frequency electrical stimulation (continuous 21 days) of the tibial nerve of one hindlimb of adult rabbits converted the metabolic(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a specific dopamine-receptor agonist (apomorphine) and antagonist (pimozide) on temperature regulation in the primate. Using 4 rhesus monkeys and 2 patas monkeys as subjects, increasing doses of apomorphine (0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 mg/kg) injected subcutaneously produced a dose-dependent hypothermia(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the heart rate and arterial blood pressure changes to isometric skeletal muscle contraction and muscle stretch before and after microinjecting an antagonist to substance P (SP) or somatostatin (SOM) into the L-7 dorsal horn region of the spinal cord of anesthetized cats. Anesthesia was induced by administering an(More)
Renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), arterial blood pressure (AP), and heart rate (HR) were measured during isometric muscle contraction of a hindlimb in chloralose-anesthetized cats. In 14 cats RSNA, AP, and HR increased during a 1-min contraction by 45%, 39 mmHg, and 11 beats/min, respectively; however, in three cats there was a brief initial decrease(More)