Philip W. Wills

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The antimetabolite 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C) has been used as a highly effective agent for the treatment of leukemia. The active metabolite 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine triphosphate (ara-CTP) is a potent inhibitor of DNA polymerases alpha, delta, and epsilon, and is responsible for inhibiting intact cell DNA synthesis. We have shown(More)
Evidence for multiprotein complexes playing a role in DNA replication has been growing over the years. We have previously reported on a replication-competent multiprotein form of DNA polymerase isolated from human (HeLa) cell extracts. The proteins that were found at that time to co-purify with the human cell multiprotein form of DNA polymerase included:(More)
We have identified and purified a multiprotein form of DNA polymerase from the murine mammary carcinoma cell line (FM3A) using a series of centrifugation, polyethylene glycol precipitation, and ion-exchange chromatography steps. Proteins and enzymatic activities associated with this mouse cell multiprotein form of DNA polymerase include the DNA polymerases(More)
A discrete high molecular weight multiprotein complex containing DNA polymerase alpha has been identified by a native Western blotting technique. An enrichment of this complex was seen at each step in its purification. Further purification of this complex by ion-exchange chromatography indicates that the peak of DNA polymerase alpha activity co-purifies(More)
PURPOSE The antimetabolite 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C) has proven to be one of the most effective agents available for the treatment of acute leukemia although the precise mechanism by which ara-C induces cytotoxicity remains unclear. Our laboratory has previously isolated from human cells a DNA replication complex, termed the DNA synthesome,(More)
Flagellins are the main structural proteins of bacterial flagella and potent stimulators of innate and adaptive immunity in mammals. The flagellins of Salmonella are virulence factors and protective antigens, and form the basis of promising vaccines. Despite broad interest in flagellins as antigens and adjuvants in vaccine formulations, there have been few(More)
A considerable effort is being made to discover more effective anticancer agents and to develop rapid, accurate, and reliable methods for evaluating the usefulness of the new compounds and analyzing their mechanisms of action. In this regard, our laboratory was the first to report the isolation, characterization, and extensive purification of an intact,(More)
The antimetabolite 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-cytosine (ara-C) has proven to be one of the most effective agents available for the treatment of acute leukemia. While ara-C has been implicated as a potent inhibitor of mammalian cell DNA replication, the specific mechanism by which ara-C kills cells is not known. In this report we describe the development of(More)
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