Philip Stanier

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We identified two novel mouse mutants with abnormal head-shaking behavior and neural tube defects during the course of independent ENU mutagenesis experiments. The heterozygous and homozygous mutants exhibit defects in the orientation of sensory hair cells in the organ of Corti, indicating a defect in planar cell polarity. The homozygous mutants exhibit(More)
Neural tube defects (NTD) are clinically important congenital malformations whose molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. The loop-tail (Lp) mutant mouse provides a model for the most severe NTD, craniorachischisis, in which the brain and spinal cord remain open. During a positional cloning approach, we have identified a mutation in a novel gene, Lpp1,(More)
Circletail is one of only two mouse mutants that exhibit the most severe form of neural tube defect (NTD), termed craniorachischisis. In this disorder, almost the entire brain and spinal cord is affected, owing to a failure to initiate neural tube closure. Craniorachischisis is a significant cause of lethality in humans, yet the molecular mechanisms(More)
The epigenetic phenomenon of genomic imprinting provides an additional level of gene regulation that is confined to a limited number of genes, frequently, but not exclusively, important for embryonic development. The evolution and maintenance of imprinting has been linked to the balance between the allocation of maternal resources to the developing fetus(More)
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are common, severe congenital malformations whose causation involves multiple genes and environmental factors. Although more than 200 genes are known to cause NTDs in mice, there has been rather limited progress in delineating the molecular basis underlying most human NTDs. Numerous genetic studies have been carried out to(More)
Clefts of the lip and/or palate (CL/P) are among the most common birth defects worldwide. The majority are non-syndromic where CL/P occurs in isolation of other phenotypes. Where one or more additional features are involved, clefts are referred to as syndromic. Collectively CL/P has a major clinical impact requiring surgical, dental, orthodontic, speech,(More)
The identification of genes that regulate fetal growth will help establish the reasons for intrauterine growth restriction. Most autosomal genes are expressed biallelically, but some are imprinted, expressed only from one parental allele. Imprinted genes are associated with fetal growth and development. The growth of the fetus in utero relies on effective(More)
A genomic sequence close to the cystic fibrosis locus with the characteristics of an HTF island has been selectively cloned and characterized. Two markers flanking this sequence, which is conserved throughout mammalian evolution, show a very much greater disequilibrium than that found with any existing marker. A single mutational event accounts for most(More)
Formation of the secondary palate is a complex step during craniofacial development. Disturbance of the events affecting palatogenesis results in a failure of the palate to close. As a consequence of deformity, an affected child will have problems with feeding, speech, hearing, dentition and psychological development. Cleft palate occurs frequently,(More)
The T-box transcription factor TBX22 is essential for normal craniofacial development, as demonstrated by the finding of nonsense, frameshift, splice-site, or missense mutations in patients with X-linked cleft palate (CPX) and ankyloglossia. To better understand the function of TBX22, we studied 10 different naturally occurring missense mutations that are(More)