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Stomatal opening provides access to inner leaf tissues for many plant pathogens, so narrowing stomatal apertures may be advantageous for plant defense. We investigated how guard cells respond to elicitors that can be generated from cell walls of plants or pathogens during pathogen infection. The effect of oligogalacturonic acid (OGA), a degradation product(More)
Stimulation of cultured plant cells with elicitors of the defense response leads to the rapid destruction of a variety of water-soluble compounds including indoleacetic acid and certain fluorescent dyes. This destructive activity, which is often vigorously manifested within 5 minutes of elicitor addition, is shown to derive from the rapid production of(More)
Effective pathogenesis by the fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum requires the secretion of oxalic acid. Studies were conducted to determine whether oxalate aids pathogen compatibility by modulating the oxidative burst of the host plant. Inoculation of tobacco leaves with an oxalate-deficient nonpathogenic mutant of S. sclerotiorum induced measurable oxidant(More)
We have employed suspension cultured aequorin-transformed tobacco cells to examine the involvement of Ca2+ in signal transduction of the oxidative burst. Use of cultured cells for this purpose was validated by demonstrating that the cells responded to cold shock quantitatively and qualitatively similarly to the intact transgenic plants from which they were(More)
The folate receptor (FR) is a valuable therapeutic target that is highly expressed on a variety of cancers. The current development of folate-targeted cancer therapies has created the need for quantitating functional FRs in clinical specimens. In this article, we report on the creation of a highly sensitive radioactive binding method for quantitatively(More)
The prognosis in advanced-stage ovarian cancer remains poor. Tumor-specific intraoperative fluorescence imaging may improve staging and debulking efforts in cytoreductive surgery and thereby improve prognosis. The overexpression of folate receptor-α (FR-α) in 90-95% of epithelial ovarian cancers prompted the investigation of intraoperative tumor-specific(More)
Infection of human erythrocytes by the apicomplexan malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum results in endovacuolar uptake of 4 host proteins that reside in erythrocyte detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs). Whether this vacuolar transport reflects selective uptake of host DRM proteins remains unknown. A further complication is that DRMs of vastly different(More)
Hyperosmotic stress caused by NaCl, LiCl, or sorbitol induces an immediate and short duration ( approximately 1 min) transient cytosolic Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](cyt)) increase (Ca(2+)-dependent aequorin luminescence) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. The amplitude of the osmotically induced [Ca(2+)](cyt) transient was attenuated by the addition of chelating(More)