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* In recent decades, an intriguing view of human cognition has garnered increasing support. According to this view, which I will call 'the hypothesis of extended cognition' ('HEC', hereafter), human cognitive processing literally extends into the environment surrounding the organism, and human cognitive states literally comprise—as wholes do their proper(More)
  • Shaun Nichols, E Miles, Early Childhood, John Doris, Larry Krasnoff, Heidi Maibom +3 others
  • 2004
According to agent-causal accounts of free will, agents have the capacity to cause actions, and for a given action, an agent could have done otherwise. This paper uses existing results and presents experimental evidence to argue that young children deploy a notion of agent-causation. If young children do have such a notion, however, it remains quite unclear(More)
Do philosophers and ordinary people conceive of subjective experience in the same way? In this article, we argue that they do not and that the philosophical concept of phenomenal consciousness does not coincide with the folk conception. We first offer experimental support for the hypothesis that philosophers and ordinary people conceive of subjective(More)
This paper relies on experimental methods to explore the psychological underpinnings of folk intuitions about free will and responsibility. In different conditions, people give conflicting responses about agency and responsibility. In some contexts, people treat agency as indeterminist; in other contexts, they treat agency as determinist. Furthermore, in(More)
  • Susan Schneider, Ned Block, David Chalmers, Jeffrey King, Ruth Millikan, Jesse Prinz +8 others
  • 2005
In this essay I defend a theory of psychological explanation that is based on the joint commitment to direct reference and computationalism. I offer a new solution to the problem of Frege Cases. Frege Cases involve agents who are unaware that certain expressions co-refer (e.g. that 'Cicero' and 'Tully' co-refer), where such knowledge is relevant to the(More)
This paper proposes the 'AGENCY model' of conscious state attribution, according to which an entity's displaying certain relatively simple features (e.g. eyes, distinctive motions, interactive behavior) automatically triggers a disposition to attribute conscious states to that entity. To test the model's predictions, participants completed a speeded(More)
In recent years there has been a lot of buzz about a new trend in cognitive science. The trend is associated with terms like 'embodiment', 'enactivism', 'distributed cognition', and 'the extended mind'. The ideas expressed using these terms are a diverse and sundry lot, but three of them stand out as especially central. First, cognition depends not just on(More)
_________________________________________________ Abstract: Consciousness often presents itself as a problem for materialists because no matter which physical explanation we consider, there seems to remain something about conscious experience that hasn't been fully explained. This gives rise to an apparent explanatory gap. The explanatory gulf between the(More)