Philip Raj Abraham

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Several 2 beta-carboxylic acid ester and amide analogues of cocaine and of 3 beta-(4'-substituted phenyl)tropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid were prepared. The binding affinities of these compounds, and of some previously prepared analogues, at the dopamine (DA), norepinephrine (NE), and serotonin (5-HT) transporters were determined. The phenyl esters of 3(More)
RTI-55 (3 beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropan-2 beta-carboxylic acid methyl ester), one of the most potent inhibitors of dopamine uptake reported to date, was radioiodinated and tested as a probe for the cocaine receptor in Sprague-Dawley rat brain. Saturation and kinetic studies in the striatum revealed that [125I]RTI-55 bound to both a high- and low-affinity site.(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major outer membrane component of gram-negative bacteria, is a potent endotoxin that triggers cytokine-mediated systemic inflammatory responses in the host. Plasma lipoproteins are capable of LPS sequestration, thereby attenuating the host response to infection, but ensuing dyslipidemia severely compromises this host defense(More)
Two murine-derived anti-methamphetamine monoclonal antibodies were studied as potential pharmacokinetic antagonists of (+)-methamphetamine self-administration by rats. Intravenous administration of a 1 g/kg dose of the lower affinity [antibody equilibrium dissociation constant (K(d)) = 250 nM] monoclonal antibody (mAb) designated mAb6H8, 1 day before the(More)
The goal of these studies was to determine if chronic (+)methamphetamine ((+)METH) administration affects the production of anti-(+)METH antibodies during active immunization of rats. Active immunization for the treatment of chronic drug abuse has been proposed for drugs such as cocaine and nicotine. However, studies have not adequately addressed whether(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major glycolipid component of gram-negative bacterial outer membranes, is a potent endotoxin responsible for pathophysiological symptoms characteristic of infection. The observation that the majority of LPS is found in association with plasma lipoproteins has prompted the suggestion that sequestering of LPS by lipid particles(More)
Variously substituted phenyltropanes are proven as superb binding ligands for the dopamine transporter (DAT). In this study, we examine four N-substituted phenyltropanes which are derivatives of RTI-55 as in vivo binding ligands in mice. In this series, the methyl group on the nitrogen was replaced by a propyl (RTI-310), an allyl (RTI-311), a butyl(More)
A series of 3 beta-(p-substituted phenyl)tropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid methyl esters (2) were synthesized and found to possess high affinity for the cocaine binding site in rat striatum. The p-chloro (2c) and p-iodo (2n) compounds, which were the most potent analogues prepared, were found to be 85 and 78 times more potent than (-)-cocaine. The p-bromo (2m)(More)
The iodine-125 analog of the dopaminergically selective cocaine analog 3 beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid isopropyl ester (RT1-121) was evaluated as a probe for the dopamine transporter in rat striatum. Saturation and kinetic studies indicated that [125I]RTI-121 binds to both high and low affinity components. The Kd of the high affinity(More)
A selective ligand for the dopamine transporter 3 beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropan-2 beta-carboxylic acid isopropyl ester (RTI-121) has been labeled with iodine-125 by electrophilic radioiododestannylation. The [125I]RTI-121 was obtained in good yield (86 +/- 7%, n = 3) with high radiochemical purity (> 99%) and specific radioactivity (1210-1950 mCi/mumol). After(More)