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The efficacy of ropivacaine 100 mg (5 mg ml(-1)), 150 mg (7.5 mg ml(-1)) and 200 mg (10 mg ml(-1)) and bupivacaine 100 mg (5 mg ml(-1)) given by intra-articular injection into the knee after the end of surgery was studied in 72 ASA I-II patients scheduled for elective knee arthroscopy under general anaesthesia in a randomized, double-blind study. Kapake(More)
The systemic administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents has been shown to improve analgesia following arthroscopy of the knee joint. Ketorolac 60 mg, when given intra-articularly, provides better postoperative analgesia than an identical dose administered systemically. We compared the postoperative analgesic effect of ketorolac 10 mg given(More)
UNLABELLED We assessed the efficacy and tolerability of epidural infusions of levobupivacaine, levobupivacaine plus clonidine, and clonidine for postoperative analgesia in 86 patients undergoing total hip replacement. For each group, an epidural cannula was inserted before surgery and 15 mL of 0.75% plain levobupivacaine was administered. Three hours later,(More)
Children with acute otitis media (AOM), aged 2-12 years, were randomised to 10 days treatment with amoxycillin/clavulanate (A/C) 70/10 mg/kg/day given b.i.d. (231 patients) or to A/C 60/15 mg/kg/day given t.i.d. (232 patients). Clinical success rates at end of therapy (10-17 days) were 91.8% for the b.i.d. group and 90.5% for the t.i.d. group and at(More)
Sensing technologies such as inertia tracking and computer vision enable spatial interactions where users make selections by 'air pointing': moving a limb, finger, or device to a specific spatial region. In addition of expanding the vocabulary of possible interactions available, air pointing brings the potential benefit of enabling 'eyes-free' interactions,(More)
Interface guidelines encourage designers to include shortcut mechanisms that enable high levels of expert performance, but prior research has demonstrated that few users switch to using them. To help understand how interfaces can better support a transition to expert performance we develop a framework of the interface and human factors influencing expertise(More)
We describe a method for applying gain to events reported by scrolling input devices such as scroll wheels. By treating document length as an input to our gain functions, the method allows rapid document traversal regardless of document length; it also allows slow and precise scroll control at shorter distances. An initial experiment characterises four(More)
The task of list selection is fundamental to many user interfaces, and the traditional scrollbar is a control that does not utilise the rich input features of many mobile devices. We describe the design and evaluation of <i>zoofing</i>---a list selection interface for touch/pen devices that combines pressure-based zooming and flick-based scrolling. While(More)
The safety and efficacy of dirithromycin and clarithromycin were compared in a single-blind, multicentre study of patients with acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis (AECB). Patients received either dirithromycin, 500 mg once daily for 5 days, or clarithromycin, 250 mg twice daily for 7 days. A total of 212 patients entered the study, of whom(More)