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CONTEXT Most societies believe that a mother's psychological state can influence her unborn baby. Severe adverse life events during pregnancy have been consistently associated with an elevated risk of low birth weight and prematurity. Such events during the first trimester have also been associated with risk of congenital malformations. OBJECTIVE To(More)
Oxidative stress mediated by pro-oxidants has been implicated in the pathogenesis of vascular disorders. However, the effect of pro-oxidants on myogenic regulation of vascular function and the differential influence of gender is not known. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), an intracellular enzyme restricts excess pro-oxidant levels and may limit vascular(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop a predictive model for pre-eclampsia based on clinical risk factors for nulliparous women and to identify a subgroup at increased risk, in whom specialist referral might be indicated. DESIGN Prospective multicentre cohort. SETTING Five centres in Auckland, New Zealand; Adelaide, Australia; Manchester and London, United Kingdom; and(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is now a well-established technique for directly identifying adult brain activity. This study builds on earlier pilot work that showed that fMRI could provide direct evidence of fetal brain cortical activation in response to an auditory stimulus. The new work presented here aims to assess the sensitivity of this(More)
This paper presents the first in vivo measurements of intravoxel incoherent motion in the human placenta, obtained using the pulsed gradient spin echo (PGSE) sequence. The aims of this study were two-fold. The first was to provide an initial estimate of the values of the IVIM parameters in this organ, which are currently unknown. The second aim was then to(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to assess fetal brain activity. To extend these studies, a fetal fMRI experiment using a visual stimulus has been performed at 0.5 T. This used a block fMRI paradigm with a bright, constant-intensity light source being shone at the maternal abdomen for 8 sec followed(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between maternal exposure to severe life events and fetal growth (birthweight and small for gestational age). Stress has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcome. METHODS Mothers of 1.38 million singleton live births in Denmark between January 1, 1979 and December 31, 2002 were linked to information on their(More)
MOTIVATION The study of metabolites (metabolomics) is increasingly being applied to investigate microbial, plant, environmental and mammalian systems. One of the limiting factors is that of chemically identifying metabolites from mass spectrometric signals present in complex datasets. RESULTS Three workflows have been developed to allow for the rapid,(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the practicality of using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques to assess fetal brain activity. The purpose of this study was to compare the fetal hemodynamic response to that of the adult. Seventeen pregnant subjects, all of whom were at more than 36 weeks gestation were scanned while the fetus was(More)