Philip Mueller

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In the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis, pheromone-mediated cell fusion is a prerequisite for the generation of the infectious dikaryon. The pheromone signal elevates transcription of the pheromone genes and elicits formation of conjugation hyphae. Cyclic AMP and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling are involved in this process. The MAPK(More)
Mating in Ustilago maydis requires cross-talk between cAMP and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling. During this process, pheromone response factor 1 (Prf1) activates transcription of a and b mating type genes by binding to pheromone response elements (PREs) located in regulatory regions of these genes. Here, we show that PREs are also(More)
In Ustilago maydis, pathogenic development is controlled by a heterodimer of the two homeodomain proteins bW and bE. We have identified by RNA fingerprinting a b-regulated gene, kpp6, which encodes an unusual MAP kinase. Kpp6 is similar to a number of other fungal MAP kinases involved in mating and pathogenicity, but contains an additional N-terminal domain(More)
In the smut fungus Ustilago maydis, a tightly regulated cAMP signaling cascade is necessary for pathogenic development. Transcriptome analysis using whole genome microarrays set up to identify putative target genes of the protein kinase A catalytic subunit Adr1 revealed nine genes with putative functions in two high-affinity iron uptake systems. These genes(More)
MAP kinases (mitogen-activated protein kinases) are activated by dual phosphorylation on specific threonine and specific tyrosine residues that are separated by a single residue, and the TXY activation motif is a hallmark of MAP kinases. In the fungus Ustilago maydis, which causes corn smut disease, the Crk1 protein, a kinase previously described to have(More)
In the smut fungus Ustilago maydis, the pheromone signal is transmitted via a mitogen-activated protein kinase module to the high-mobility-group (HMG) domain transcription factor Prf1, leading to its activation. This triggers sexual and pathogenic development since Prf1 binds to the PRE boxes located in the promoters of the a and b mating type genes. Here,(More)
With the help of a PCR-based screening method, the gene encoding squalenehopene cyclase (SHC) of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 110 was isolated from a cosmid library. The SHC catalyses the cyclization of squalene to hopanoids, a class of triterpenoid lipids recently discovered in nitrogen-fixing, root-nodule-forming Bradyrhizobium bacteria. Hybridization(More)
In the phytopathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis the mating-type loci control the transition from yeast-like to filamentous growth required for pathogenic development. In a large REMI (restriction enzyme mediated integration) screen, non-pathogenic mutants were isolated in a haploid strain that had been engineered to be pathogenic. In one of these mutants,(More)
Bradyrhizobium japonicum mutant 132 was obtained by random TnphoA mutagenesis of strain 110spc4. A 6.5 kb BamHI kanamycin-resistance-coding DNA fragment of mutant 132 was used as a hybridization probe to clone the corresponding wild-type fragment. DNA sequence analysis of a 3213 bp BamHI-ClaI fragment revealed that three open reading frames (ORFs) were(More)
The cyclic AMP (cAMP)-signaling pathway regulates cell morphology and plays a crucial role during pathogenic development of the plant-pathogenic fungus Ustilago maydis. Strains lacking components of this signaling pathway, such as the Galpha-subunit Gpa3 or the adenylyl cyclase Uac1, are nonpathogenic and grow filamentously. On the other hand, strains(More)