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Radiolabeled antibodies provide a potential basis for selective radiotherapy of human gliomas. Monoclonal P96.5, a mouse IgG2a immunoglobulin, defines an epitope of a human melanoma cell surface protein and specifically binds the U-251 human glioma as measured by immunoperoxidase histochemistry. 111In-radiolabeled P96.5 specifically targets the U-251 human(More)
Grossly visible peritoneal carcinomatosis resembling that seen in man was produced in athymic mice 7 days after intraperitoneal injection of 8 x 10(5) cells of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-producing human colon carcinoma cell line LS174T. The mice received intraperitoneal injections of 40 to 160 microCi of yttrium-90 (90Y)-labeled anti-CEA monoclonal(More)
Radiolabeled antibodies provide a potential basis for selective radiotherapy of human gliomas. We have measured tumor targeting by radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies directed against neuroectodermal and tumor-associated antigens in nude mice bearing human glioma xenografts. Monoclonal P96.5, a mouse IgG2a immunoglobulin, defines an epitope of a human(More)
Nude mice bearing subcutaneous human colon cancer xenografts (LS174T) were treated with 120 microCi of yttrium 90-labeled anti-carcinoembryonic antigen monoclonal antibodies (specific therapy), 120 microCi of 90Y-labeled anti-melanoma monoclonal antibodies (nonspecific therapy), or phosphate-buffered saline solution (no treatment control). Mean (+/- SD)(More)
We have previously shown that the colon carcinoma (LS174T) xenografts that emerged shortly after radioimmunotherapy with 90Y-labeled anti-CEA monoclonal antibody (MAb) ZCE025 lacked significant expression of CEA in comparison with the untreated tumors. The present study was designed to establish if the immunophenotype of the treated tumors was the result of(More)
Radioimmunotherapy and external beam radiotherapy were compared in a nude mouse human colon cancer model. Radioimmunotherapy was delivered by intraperitoneal injection of 90Y-labeled anticarcinoembryonic antigen monoclonal antibody (anti-CEA MAB). Single fraction external beam radiotherapy was delivered using a 60Co teletherapy unit. Control groups received(More)
Recombinant human gamma-interferon (IFN-gamma) has recently been shown to enhance localization of radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies (MAb) to human colon carcinoma xenografts in athymic mice. The present study investigates the ability of gamma-interferon to enhance radioimmunotherapy of a low carcinoembryonic antigen-expressing human colon cancer (WiDr) in(More)
Nude mice bearing diffuse intraperitoneal carcinomatosis of the human colon cancer cell line LS174T were treated with an anti-carcinoembryonic antigen monoclonal antibody (MAB) that was labeled with yttrium 90 (90Y-ZCE025). Control animals were either untreated or treated with nonspecific 90Y-MAB (90Y-96.5c). The median survival (MS) for untreated animals(More)
The efficacy of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for the prevention of 90Y toxicity and extension of survival in nude mice with i.p. LS174T carcinomatosis was evaluated. 90Y-labeled monoclonal antibody (MAB) directed against carcinoembryonic antigen (90Y-anti-CEA MAB) at a dose of 120 microCi caused no deaths due to treatment toxicity and increased the(More)
The temporal relationship of radiolabeled monoclonal antibody (Mab) uptake to tumor size in a nude mouse human colon cancer xenograft model (LS174T) was evaluated as an aid to developing a method for estimation of radioimmunotherapy absorbed dose. Tumors of heterogeneous size were treated with 4.4 MBq (120 microCi) of 90Y-labeled anti-Carcinoembryonic(More)