Philip M. Tedeschi

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Recent observations on cancer cell metabolism indicate increased serine synthesis from glucose as a marker of poor prognosis. We have predicted that a fraction of the synthesized serine is routed to a pathway for ATP production. The pathway is composed by reactions from serine synthesis, one-carbon (folate) metabolism and the glycine cleavage system (SOG(More)
BACKGROUND Although cells require nutrients to proliferate, most nutrient exchange rates of the NCI60 panel of cancer cell lines correlate poorly with their proliferation rate. Here, we provide evidence indicating that this inconsistency is rooted in the variability of cell size. RESULTS We integrate previously reported data characterizing genome copy(More)
BACKGROUND Systematic quantitative methodologies are needed to understand the heterogeneity of cell metabolism across cell types in normal physiology, disease, and treatment. Metabolic flux analysis (MFA) can be used to infer steady state fluxes, but it does not apply for transient dynamics. Kinetic flux profiling (KFP) can be used in the context of(More)
Previous studies have documented the roles of transport via the reduced folate carrier, retention via polyglutamylation, and increased levels of the target enzyme, dihydrofolate reductase in sensitivity to methotrexate. Recent studies have shown that the mitochondrial enzymes in the cellular metabolism of serine, folate, and glycine are overexpressed in a(More)
Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), because of its essential role in DNA synthesis, has been targeted for the treatment of a wide variety of human diseases, including cancer, autoimmune diseases, and infectious diseases. Methotrexate (MTX), a tight binding inhibitor of DHFR, is one of the most widely used drugs in cancer treatment and is especially effective in(More)
NAD(+) kinase (NADK) is the only known cytosolic enzyme that converts NAD(+) to NADP(+), which is subsequently reduced to NADPH. The demand for NADPH in cancer cells is elevated as reducing equivalents are required for the high levels of nucleotide, protein, and fatty acid synthesis found in proliferating cells as well as for neutralizing high levels of(More)
Rapidly proliferating tumors attempt to meet the demands for nucleotide biosynthesis by upregulating folate pathways that provide the building blocks for pyrimidine and purine biosynthesis. In particular, the key role of mitochondrial folate enzymes in providing formate for de novo purine synthesis and for providing the one-carbon moiety for thymidylate(More)
NAD+ kinase (NADK) catalyzes the phosphorylation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) to nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP+) using ATP as the phosphate donor. NADP+ is then reduced to NADPH by dehydrogenases, in particular glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and the malic enzymes. NADPH functions as an important cofactor in a variety of(More)
Rapidly proliferating tumors attempt to meet the demands for nucleotide biosynthesis by up-regulating folate pathways that provide the building blocks for pyrimidine and purine biosynthesis. Reduced folates are carriers of one carbon units required for the synthesis of purines, thymidylate and methionine, derived from serine, glycine and formate. As folate(More)
Results We show that the metabolism of cancer cells is strongly correlated with cell proliferation and tissue remodeling. Based on in vitro data, cancer cell lines align from an extreme of highly proliferating cells of relatively small size to another extreme of slowly proliferating cells with large size and mesenchymal properties [1]. Similarly, in human(More)