Philip M . Swigart

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Commercial antibodies are used widely to quantify and localize the α1-adrenergic receptor (AR) subtypes, α1A, α1B, and α1D. We tested ten antibodies, from abcam and Santa Cruz, using western blot with heart and brain tissue from wild-type (WT) mice and mice with systemic knockout (KO) of one or all three subtypes. We found that none of the antibodies(More)
OBJECTIVE Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) plays a major role in dysfunctional ventricular remodeling following myocardial injury induced by ischemia/reperfusion and heart failure. To directly assess the role of MMP-2 in the absence of superimposed injury, we generated cardiac-specific, constitutively active MMP-2 transgenic mice. METHODS Morphologic(More)
Catecholamines and alpha(1)-adrenergic receptors (alpha(1)-ARs) cause cardiac hypertrophy in cultured myocytes and transgenic mice, but heart size is normal in single KOs of the main alpha(1)-AR subtypes, alpha(1A/C) and alpha(1B). Here we tested whether alpha(1)-ARs are required for developmental cardiac hypertrophy by generating alpha(1A/C) and alpha(1B)(More)
The cardiac-specific tetracycline-regulated gene expression system (tet-system) is a powerful tool using double-transgenic mice. The cardiac alpha-myosin heavy chain promoter (alphaMHC) drives lifetime expression of a tetracycline-inhibited transcription activator (tTA). Crossing alphaMHC-tTA mice with mice containing a tTA-responsive promoter linked to a(More)
An alpha1-adrenergic receptor (alpha1-AR) antagonist increased heart failure in the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT), but it is unknown whether this adverse result was due to alpha1-AR inhibition or a nonspecific drug effect. We studied cardiac pressure overload in mice with double KO of the 2 main(More)
Global activation of MAP kinases has been reported in both human and experimental heart failure. Chronic remodeling of the surviving ventricular wall after myocardial infarction (MI) involves both myocyte loss and fibrosis; we hypothesized that this cardiomyopathy involves differential shifts in pro- and anti-apoptotic MAP kinase signaling in cardiac(More)
RATIONALE Induction of the fetal hypertrophic marker gene β-myosin heavy chain (β-MyHC) is a signature feature of pressure overload hypertrophy in rodents. β-MyHC is assumed present in all or most enlarged myocytes. OBJECTIVE To quantify the number and size of myocytes expressing endogenous β-MyHC by a flow cytometry approach. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
BACKGROUND alpha1-adrenergic receptors (alpha1-ARs) play adaptive roles in the heart and protect against the development of heart failure. The 3 alpha1-AR subtypes, alpha1A, alpha1B, and alpha1D, have distinct physiological roles in mouse heart, but very little is known about alpha1 subtypes in human heart. Here, we test the hypothesis that the alpha1A and(More)
Dysfunction of the right ventricle (RV) is closely related to prognosis for patients with RV failure. Therefore, strategies to improve failing RV function are significant. In a mouse RV failure model, we previously reported that α1-adrenergic receptor (α1-AR) inotropic responses are increased. The present study determined the roles of both predominant(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal was to identify alpha-1-adrenergic receptor (AR) subtypes in human coronary arteries. BACKGROUND The alpha1-ARs regulate human coronary blood flow. The alpha1-ARs exist as 3 molecular subtypes, alpha1A, alpha1B, and alpha1D, and the alpha1D subtype mediates coronary vasoconstriction in the mouse. However, the alpha1A is thought to be(More)