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An experimental apparatus and data acquisition system was constructed to measure the streaming potential coupling coefficients as a function of frequency. The purpose of the experiments was to measure , for the first time, the real and imaginary portion of streaming potentials. In addition, the measured frequency range was extended beyond any previous(More)
This paper presents a theory for frequency-dependent electroosmosis. It is shown that for a closed capillary the electroosmosis frequency-dependent ratio of DeltaV/DeltaP is constant with increasing frequency until inertial effects become prevalent, at which time DeltaV/DeltaP starts to decrease with increasing frequency. The frequency response of the(More)
We describe an apparatus designed to perform streaming potential and resistivity measurements on unconsolidated soil samples. The apparatus enables the use of both unidirectional and oscillatory flow methods to measure the streaming potential coupling coefficient (C); the direct current resistivity method is used to measure the bulk resistivity (rho) of the(More)
In this paper, we model frequency-dependent electro-osmosis in a capillary using the fully nonlinear Navier-Stokes equation (NSE) for viscous, incompressible, and homogeneous flow. We simulate the NSE using the finite element method, computing the solution for a closed capillary and compare it to the closed form solutions. It is confirmed that the second(More)
Ground penetrating radar (GPR) signatures, such as reflection moveout, are sensitive to the presence of azimuthal anisotropy. Azimuthal anisotropy can occur as an intrinsic property of the medium and/or due to the presence of fractures. In such cases, the GPR normal moveout (NMO) velocity, along different orientations of common-midpoint (CMP) gathers,(More)
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