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Regulation of both the number and the location of crossovers during meiosis is important for normal chromosome segregation. We used sequence-tagged site polymorphisms to examine the distribution of all crossovers on the X chromosome during oogenesis and on one autosome during both oogenesis and spermatogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans. The X chromosome has(More)
The DPY-26 protein is required in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans for X-chromosome dosage compensation as well as for proper meiotic chromosome segregation. DPY-26 was shown to mediate both processes through its association with chromosomes. In somatic cells, DPY-26 associates specifically with hermaphrodite X chromosomes to reduce their transcript(More)
The him-8 gene is essential for proper meiotic segregation of the X chromosomes in C. elegans. Here we show that loss of him-8 function causes profound X chromosome-specific defects in homolog pairing and synapsis. him-8 encodes a C2H2 zinc-finger protein that is expressed during meiosis and concentrates at a site on the X chromosome known as the meiotic(More)
Recessive mutations in three autosomal genes, him-1, him-5 and him-8, cause high levels of X chromosome nondisjunction in hermaphrodites of Caenorhabditis elegans, with no comparable effect on autosomal disjunction. Each of the mutants has reduced levels of X chromosome recombination, correlating with the increase in nondisjunction. However, normal or(More)
Twenty-one X-linked recessive lethal and sterile mutations balanced by an unlinked X-chromosome duplication have been identified following EMS treatment of the small nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans. The mutations have been assigned by complementation analysis to 14 genes, four of which have more than one mutant allele. Four mutants, all alleles, are(More)
We have expanded our collection of recessive lethal and sterile mutants in the region of the X chromosome balanced by mnDp1(X;V), about 15% of the X linkage map, to a total of 54 mutants. The mutations have been mapped with respect to 20 overlapping deficiencies and five X duplications, and they have been assigned to 24 genes by complementation testing.(More)
In both Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans somatic sex determination, germline sex determination, and dosage compensation are controlled by means of a chromosomal signal known as the X:A ratio. A variety of mechanisms are used for establishing and implementing the chromosomal signal, and these do not appear to be similar in the two species.(More)
We have shown that the phenotypes resulting from hypomorphic mutations (causing reduction but not complete loss of function) in two X-linked genes can be used as a genetic assay for X-chromosome dosage compensation in Caenorhabditis elegans between males (XO) and hermaphrodites (XX). In addition we show that recessive mutations in two autosomal genes,(More)
Recessive mutant alleles at the autosomal dpy-21 locus of C. elegans cause a dumpy phenotype in XX animals but not in XO animals. This dumpy phenotype is characteristic of X chromosome aneuploids with higher than normal X to autosome ratios and is proposed to result from overexpression of X-linked genes. We have isolated a new dpy-21 allele that also causes(More)