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The DPY-26 protein is required in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans for X-chromosome dosage compensation as well as for proper meiotic chromosome segregation. DPY-26 was shown to mediate both processes through its association with chromosomes. In somatic cells, DPY-26 associates specifically with hermaphrodite X chromosomes to reduce their transcript(More)
The him-8 gene is essential for proper meiotic segregation of the X chromosomes in C. elegans. Here we show that loss of him-8 function causes profound X chromosome-specific defects in homolog pairing and synapsis. him-8 encodes a C2H2 zinc-finger protein that is expressed during meiosis and concentrates at a site on the X chromosome known as the meiotic(More)
In both Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans somatic sex determination, germline sex determination, and dosage compensation are controlled by means of a chromosomal signal known as the X:A ratio. A variety of mechanisms are used for establishing and implementing the chromosomal signal, and these do not appear to be similar in the two species.(More)
We have expanded our collection of recessive lethal and sterile mutants in the region of the X chromosome balanced by mnDp1(X;V), about 15% of the X linkage map, to a total of 54 mutants. The mutations have been mapped with respect to 20 overlapping deficiencies and five X duplications, and they have been assigned to 24 genes by complementation testing.(More)
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans appears to be a useful model for studying the action of volatile anesthetics. A mutant strain that is hypersensitive to the widely used anesthetic halothane was described earlier. The mutation is now shown to be an allele of unc-79. Other alleles of unc-79 are also associated with hypersensitivity to halothane. A strain(More)
The authors studied the wild type strain, N2, and three mutant strains of the nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans, in order to measure genetically produced changes in responses to nine volatile anesthetics. They determined the anesthetic ED50s of N2 for thiomethoxyflurane, methoxyflurane, chloroform, halothane, enflurane, isoflurane, fluroxene, flurothyl, and(More)
A recent article by Maher et al. in GENETICS introduces an alternative approach to cell-type-specific gene knockdown in Caenorhabditis elegans, using nonsense-mediated decay. This strategy has the potential to be applicable to other organisms (this strategy requires that animals can survive without nonsense-mediated decay-not all can). This Primer article(More)
The signal for sex determination in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is the ratio of the number of X chromosomes to the number of sets of autosomes (X/A ratio). By previous genetic tests, elements that feminized chromosomal males appeared to be widespread on the X chromosome, but the nature of these elements was not determined. In experiments to define a(More)
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