BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an inherited pharmacogenetic disorder of skeletal muscle, characterised by an elevated calcium release from the skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. The dihydropyridine receptor (DHPR) plays an essential role in excitation-contraction coupling and calcium homeostasis in skeletal muscle. This study focuses on the… (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE TRPC5 is a mammalian homologue of the Drosophila Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) channel and has expression and functions in the cardiovascular and nervous systems. It forms a calcium-permeable cation channel that can be activated by a variety of signals including carbachol (acting at muscarinic receptors), lanthanides (e.g. Gd3+)… (More)
This is a consensus document produced by expert members of a Working Party established by the Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland (AAGBI). It updates and replaces previous guidance published in 2003. Summary (1) The AAGBI has published guidance on management of anaphylaxis during anaesthesia in 1990, 1995 and 2003. This 2008 update was… (More)
An assessment of local anaesthetic blockade of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve using a standard technique was made. The rate of successful blockade was high, but the area of sensory loss was inconsistent between patients and was more anterior and distal than described in textbooks of anatomy.
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is an autosomal dominant disorder which is potentially lethal in susceptible individuals on exposure to commonly used inhalational anaesthetics and depolarising muscle relaxants. Crises reflect the consequences of disturbed skeletal muscle calcium homeostasis. Susceptibility was first localised to chromosome 19q13.1 and the… (More)
Heat-induced CNS injury has been recognized for more than 50 years but the biological basis for the marked selectivity of CNS damage is currently uncertain. We present clinical, imaging, autopsy and genetic findings of a 14-year-old male who developed fatal cerebellar swelling in the course of a malignant hyperthermia (MH) episode caused by triggering… (More)
In this article, we analyze myopathies with cores, for which an association to malignant hyperthermia (MH) has been suggested. We discuss the clinical features, the underlying genetic defects, subsequent effects on cellular calcium metabolism, and in vitro muscle responses to MH triggers. We describe in detail central core disease, multiminicore disease,… (More)
BACKGROUND Halothane shortens ventricular action potential duration (APD), as a consequence of its inhibitory effects on a variety of membrane currents, an effect that is greater in sub-endocardial than sub-epicardial myocytes. In hypertrophied ventricle, APD is prolonged as a consequence of electrical remodelling. In this study, we compared the effects of… (More)