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The RYR1 gene encodes the skeletal muscle isoform ryanodine receptor and is fundamental to the process of excitation-contraction coupling and skeletal muscle calcium homeostasis. Mapping to chromosome 19q13.2, the gene comprises 106 exons and encodes a protein of 5,038 amino acids. Mutations in the gene have been found in association with several diseases:(More)
We have described the concentration-dependent inotropic effects of halothane, isoflurane and sevoflurane on rat ventricular cells and investigated the role of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in these inotropic actions. Single ventricular myocytes, isolated from rat hearts, were stimulated electrically at 1 Hz and contractions recorded optically. Cells were(More)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) constitute an archetypal pattern recognition system. Their sophisticated biology underpins the ability of innate immunity to discriminate between highly diverse microbial pathogens and self. However, the remarkable progress made in describing this biology has also revealed new immunological systems and processes previously hidden(More)
Malignant hyperthermia (MH) susceptibility is a dominantly inherited disorder in which volatile anesthetics trigger aberrant Ca(2+) release in skeletal muscle and a potentially fatal rise in perioperative body temperature. Mutations causing MH susceptibility have been identified in two proteins critical for excitation-contraction (EC) coupling, the type 1(More)
The devastating systemic effects of bacterial superantigens may be explained by powerful proinflammatory synergy with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). However, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon remains unclear and has never been investigated in humans. Specifically, there is no known link between superantigen-induced immune effects and the pattern(More)
In this article, we analyze myopathies with cores, for which an association to malignant hyperthermia (MH) has been suggested. We discuss the clinical features, the underlying genetic defects, subsequent effects on cellular calcium metabolism, and in vitro muscle responses to MH triggers. We describe in detail central core disease, multiminicore disease,(More)
It is 30 yr since the British Journal of Anaesthesia published the first consensus protocol for the laboratory diagnosis of malignant hyperthermia susceptibility from the European Malignant Hyperthermia Group. This has subsequently been used in more than 10 000 individuals worldwide to inform use of anaesthetic drugs in these patients with increased risk of(More)
In vitro contracture tests used currently for malignant hyperthermia (MH) do not possess absolute specificity. This is potentially a great problem in the study of the genetic approach which offers the best prospect for the development of a non-invasive diagnostic test for the condition. The calcium release channel of the sarcoplasmic reticulum has been(More)