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BACKGROUND With the ongoing interest in implementing school policies to address the problem of childhood obesity, there is a need for information about the relationships between school food environments and practices and children's weight status. OBJECTIVE To examine the association between school food environments and practices and children's body mass(More)
BACKGROUND Access to foods and beverages on school campuses, at home, and other locations affects children's diet quality, energy intake, and risk of obesity. OBJECTIVES To describe patterns of consumption of "empty calories"--low-nutrient, energy-dense foods, including sugar-sweetened beverages--by eating location among National School Lunch Program(More)
BACKGROUND Changes to school food environments and practices that lead to improved dietary behavior are a powerful strategy to reverse the childhood obesity epidemic. OBJECTIVES To estimate the effects of school food environments and practices, characterized by access to competitive foods and beverages, school lunches, and nutrition promotion, on(More)
because all or part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a
BACKGROUND Rates of overweight and obesity have increased dramatically during the past 2 decades. Children obtain a large fraction of their food energy while at school. OBJECTIVE To estimate the relationship between participation in school meal programs and children's body mass index (BMI) and their likelihood of being overweight or obese, testing the(More)
iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This study was made possible by the efforts of many individuals and organizations over several years. We sincerely appreciate the willingness of KIPP school principals and other administrative staff to participate in the evaluation, especially their endless patience in providing access to their admissions practices. We would also like to(More)
The purpose of this article is to define qualitative research, explain its design, explore its congruence with quantitative research, and provide examples of its applications in dietetics. Also, methods to ensure validity, reliability, and relevance are addressed. Readers will gain increased knowledge about qualitative research and greater competency in(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of inadequate usual intakes of nutrients by school-aged children. DESIGN A descriptive study using data from the US Department of Agriculture 1994 to 1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals. Each subject provided two 24-hour recalls. We adjusted for day-to-day variation in nutrient intake and estimated the(More)