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The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was an age-related decline in the isometric and isotonic contractile function of permeabilized slow (MHC I) and fast (MHC IIa) single muscle fibres. Vastus lateralis muscle fibres from six young men (YM; 25 +/- 1 years), six young women (YW; 25 +/- 1 years), six old men (OM; 80 +/- 4 years) and six(More)
Muscle biopsies were obtained from the vastus lateralis before and after 84 days of bed-rest from six control (BR) and six resistance-exercised (BRE) men to examine slow- and fast-twitch muscle fibre contractile function. BR did not exercise during bed-rest and had a 17 and 40% decrease in whole muscle size and function, respectively. The BRE group(More)
PURPOSE The intent of this investigation was to design and evaluate a low-volume, high-intensity resistance-training program to preserve knee extensor (KE) and plantar flexor (PF) size as measured by cross-sectional area (CSA), strength, and neuromuscular function (IEMG) with unloading. METHODS Thirty-two men (age = 30 +/- 3 yr; weight = 80 +/- 4 kg;(More)
The primary goal of this study was to determine the effects of prolonged space flight (180 days) on the structure and function of slow and fast fibres in human skeletal muscle. Biopsies were obtained from the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles of nine International Space Station crew members 45 days pre- and on landing day (R+0) post-flight. The main findings(More)
Two pathways that have been implicated for cellular growth and development in response to muscle contraction are the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) and Akt signaling pathways. Although these pathways are readily stimulated after exercise, little is known about how nutritional status may affect stimulation of these pathways in response to(More)
The aim of this investigation was to document the exercise program used by crewmembers (n = 9; 45 +/- 2 yr) while aboard the International Space Station (ISS) for 6 mo and examine its effectiveness for preserving calf muscle characteristics. Before and after spaceflight, we assessed calf muscle volume (MRI), static and dynamic calf muscle performance, and(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this investigation was 1) to determine whether HMB supplementation results in an increase in strength and FFM during 8 wk of resistance training and 2) determine whether a higher dose of HMB provides additional benefits. METHODS Thirty-seven, untrained, college-aged men were assigned to one of three groups: 0, 38, or 76 mg x kg(-1)(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the activation (phosphorylation) and total protein content of MAPK signalling cascade proteins (ERK 1/2, p90RSK, Mnk 1, eIF4E, p38 MAPK, JNK/SAPK, MKP 1) at rest and following exercise, in sedentary young and old men. Eight young (22 +/- 1 years; YM) and eight old (79 +/- 3 years; OM) men underwent a resting(More)
The purpose of this study was to 1) examine single cell contractile mechanics of skeletal muscle before and after 12 wk of progressive resistance training (PRT) in older women (n = 7; 74 +/- 2 yr) and 2) to compare these results to our previously completed single cell PRT work with older men (n = 7; 74 +/- 2 yr) (Trappe S, Williamson D, Godard M, Porter D,(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of 12 wk of progressive resistance training (PRT) on single muscle fiber myosin heavy chain (MHC; I, I/IIa, I/IIa/IIx, IIa, IIa/IIx, IIx) isoform proportions in young individuals. Young, untrained men (YM; n = 6) and women (YW; n = 6) (age = 22 +/- 1 and 25 +/- 2 yr for YW and YM, respectively)(More)