Philip M. D. Severin

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DNA methylation plays an essential role in transcriptional control of organismal development in epigenetics, from turning off a specific gene to inactivation of entire chromosomes. While the biological function of DNA methylation is becoming increasingly clear, the mechanism of methylation-induced gene regulation is still poorly understood. Through(More)
Force measurements provide new fundamental and complementary information on biomolecular interactions, particularly in the high and low affi nity regimes, which may hardly be obtained otherwise. [ 1 ] We introduce a label free parallel format assay to quantify the binding forces in protein–DNA complexes on a chip in crowded environments. It employs arrays(More)
Force-based ligand detection is a promising method to characterize molecular complexes label-free at physiological conditions. Because conventional implementations of this technique, e.g., based on atomic force microscopy or optical traps, are low-throughput and require extremely sensitive and sophisticated equipment, this approach has to date found only(More)
An accurate and genome-wide characterization of protein-DNA interactions such as transcription factor binding is of utmost importance for modern biology. Powerful screening methods emerged. But the vast majority of these techniques depend on special labels or markers against the ligand of interest and moreover most of them are not suitable for detecting(More)
Without prior signal amplification, small molecules are difficult to detect by current label-free biochip approaches. In the present study, we developed a label-free capture biochip based on the comparative measurement of unbinding forces allowing for direct detection of small-molecule-aptamer interactions. The principle of this assay relies on increased(More)
Molecule-by-molecule arrangement of proteins, for example, in enzymatic networks of predefined composition and proximity, is a major goal that may be accomplished by the single-molecule cut-and-paste technique (SMC&P). For this purpose, co-expressed anchors and handles as protein tags should be employed. As a first step in this direction, the authors(More)
Nanobodies (Nbs)-the smallest known fully functional and naturally occuring antigen-binding fragments-have attracted a lot of attention throughout the last two decades. Exploring their potential beyond the current use requires more detailed characterization of their binding forces as those cannot be directly derived from the binding affinities. Here we used(More)
Cytosine hydroxymethylation is an epigenetic control factor in higher organisms. New discoveries of the biological roles of hydroxymethylation serve to raise questions about how this epigenetic modification exerts its functions and how organisms discriminate cytosine hydroxymethylation from methylation. Here, we report investigations that reveal an effect(More)
While nanophotonic devices are unfolding their potential for single-molecule fluorescence studies, metallic quenching and steric hindrance, occurring within these structures, raise the desire for site-specific immobilization of the molecule of interest. Here, we refine the single-molecule cut-and-paste technique by optical superresolution routines to(More)
Short double-stranded DNA is used in a variety of nanotechnological applications, and for many of them, it is important to know for which forces and which force loading rates the DNA duplex remains stable. In this work, we develop a theoretical model that describes the force-dependent dissociation rate for DNA duplexes tens of basepairs long under tension(More)
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