Philip M. Beart

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Mutations in Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) are linked to motor neuron death in familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by an unclear mechanism, although misfolded SOD1 aggregates are commonly associated with disease. Proteomic analysis of the transgenic SOD1(G93A) ALS rat model revealed significant up-regulation of endoplasmic reticulum(More)
L-Glutamate (Glu) is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian CNS and five types of high-affinity Glu transporters (EAAT1-5) have been identified. The transporters EAAT1 and EAAT2 in glial cells are responsible for the majority of Glu uptake while neuronal EAATs appear to have specialized roles at particular types of synapses. Dysfunction of(More)
GABA systems have been implicated as targets for ethanol at the cellular, molecular and behavioural level. The present study was designed to further examine the potential of the GABA(B) receptor as a target for regulating operant alcohol responding. Given that the prototypic agonist, baclofen, reduces the self-administration of alcohol, we hypothesized that(More)
The protooncogene bcl-2 inhibits neuronal apoptosis during normal brain development as well as that induced by cytotoxic drugs or growth factor deprivation. We have previously demonstrated that neurons of mice deficient in Bcl-2 are more susceptible to neurotoxins and that the dopamine (DA) level in the striatum after systemic 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6(More)
Glutathione peroxidases have been thought to function in cellular antioxidant defense. However, some recent studies on Gpx1 knockout (-/-) mice have failed to show a role for Gpx1 under conditions of oxidative stress such as hyperbaric oxygen and the exposure of eye lenses to high levels of H2O2. These findings have, unexpectedly, raised the issue of the(More)
Afferents to the nucleus accumbens septi utilizing glutamate or aspartate have been investigated in the rat by autoradiography following injection and retrograde transport of D[3H]aspartate. Parallel experiments with the intra-accumbal injection of [3H]GABA were employed to establish the transmitter-selective nature of the retrograde labelling found with(More)
High affinity D-[3H]aspartate uptake and amino acid concentrations were examined in synaptosome-enriched preparations of microdissected rat ventral tegmental area 6-7 days following N-methyl-D-aspartate lesions confined to medial prefrontal cortex. Specific reductions were observed in the high affinity uptake of D-[3H]aspartate (59% of control, P less than(More)
Excitotoxicity induced by L-glutamate (Glu), when examined in a pure neuronal cortical culture, involved widespread apoptosis at concentrations of 1-10 microM as part of a continuum of injury, which at its most servere was purely necrotic. Cells, maintained in chemically defined neurobasal/B27 medium, were exposed at d7 for 2 h to Glu (1-500 microM), and(More)
Excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) are responsible for homeostasis of extracellular L-glutamate, and the glial transporters are functionally dominant. EAAT expression or function is altered in acute and chronic neurological conditions, but little is known about the regulation of EAATs in reactive astroglia found in such neuropathologies. These(More)
L-Glutamate (Glu) activates at least eight different G protein-coupled receptors known as metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors, which mostly act as regulators of synaptic transmission. These receptors consist of two domains: an extracellular domain in which agonists bind and a transmembrane heptahelix region involved in G protein activation. Although new(More)