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BACKGROUND Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a progressive proliferative vasculopathy of the small pulmonary arteries that is characterized by a primary failure of the endothelial nitric oxide and prostacyclin vasodilator pathways, coupled with dysregulated cellular proliferation. We have recently discovered that the endogenous anion salt nitrite is(More)
AIMS Thrombospondin-1 (TSP1), via its necessary receptor CD47, inhibits nitric oxide (NO)-stimulated soluble guanylate cyclase activation in vascular smooth muscle cells, and TSP1-null mice have increased shear-dependent blood flow compared with wild-type mice. Yet, the endothelial basement membrane should in theory function as a barrier to diffusion of(More)
In endothelia, NO is synthesized by endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), which is negatively regulated by caveolin-1 (Cav-1), the primary coat protein of caveolae. We show that delivery of Cav-1 amino acids 82-101 (Cav) fused to an internalization sequence from Antennapedia (AP) blocks NO release in vitro and inflammation and tumor angiogenesis in vivo. To(More)
Aberrant regulation of eNOS and associated NO release are directly linked with various vascular diseases. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1), the main coat protein of caveolae, is highly expressed in endothelial cells. Its scaffolding domain serves as an endogenous negative regulator of eNOS function. Structure-function analysis of Cav-1 has shown that phenylalanine 92(More)
We examined the influence of individual serine phosphorylation sites in endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) on basal and stimulated NO release, cooperative phosphorylation, and co-association with hsp90 and Akt. Mutation of the serine phosphorylation sites 116, 617, and 1179 to alanines affected the phospho-state of at least one other site,(More)
Shear stress stimulates NO production involving the Ca2+-independent mechanisms in endothelial cells. We have shown that exposure of bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) to shear stress stimulates phosphorylation of eNOS at S635 and S1179 by the protein kinase A- (PKA-) dependent mechanisms. We examined whether phosphorylation of S635 of eNOS induced by(More)
Activation of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) receptor II (BMPRII) promotes pulmonary artery endothelial cell (PAEC) survival, proliferation, and migration. Mutations to BMPRII are associated with the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Endothelial dysfunction, including decreased endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) activity and loss(More)
Although a critical role for caveolae-mediated albumin transcytosis in pulmonary endothelium is well established, considerably less is known about caveolae-independent pathways. In this current study, we confirmed that cultured rat pulmonary microvascular (RPMEC) and pulmonary artery (RPAEC) endothelium endocytosed Alexa488-labeled albumin in a saturable,(More)
Little is known about the tyrosine kinase c-Src's function in the systemic circulation, in particular its role in arterial responses to hormonal stimuli. In human aortic and venous endothelial cells, c-Src is indispensable for 17beta-estradiol (E2)-stimulated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt/endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) pathway activation, a possible(More)
OBJECTIVE Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), via its enzymatic degradation products, exhibits cell and tissue protective effects in models of vascular injury and disease. The migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from the medial to the intimal layer of blood vessels plays an integral role in the development of a neointima in these models. Despite this,(More)