Philip L. Sannes

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Serine proteinases of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils play an important role in neutrophil-mediated proteolytic events; however, the non-oxidative mechanisms by which the cells can degrade extracellular matrix in the presence of proteinase inhibitors have not been elucidated. Herein, we provide the first report that human neutrophils express(More)
The wingless (Wnt) family of signaling ligands contributes significantly to lung development and is highly expressed in patients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). We sought to define the cellular distribution of Wnt5A in the lung tissue of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and the signaling ligands that control its expression in human(More)
The histochemical distribution of the thiol proteases cathepsin B and dipeptidyl peptidase I and the serine protease dipeptidyl peptidase II was examined in rat bone and joint using amino acid derivatives of 4-methoxy-2-naphthylamine (MNA). The liberated MNA was then visualized by simultaneous coupling with fast blue B. Cathepsin B was examined with(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a devastating interstitial pneumonia causing a loss of respiratory surface area due to a proliferative fibrotic response involving hyperplastic, hypertrophic, and metaplastic epithelium, cystic honeycomb change, septal expansion, and variable inflammation. Wnt (wingless) signaling glycoproteins are known to(More)
Type II pneumocytes of the pulmonary alveolus are dynamic cells with multiple functional capabilities in vivo, including secretion of surface-active lipoproteins and cell renewal of the epithelial lining of the alveolus, involving its differentiation into another cell type (the type I pneumocyte). The factors that influence and control these processes,(More)
BACKGROUND Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) modulate the binding and activation of signaling pathways of specific growth factors, such as fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2). Human endosulfatase 1 (HSULF-1) is an enzyme that selectively removes 6-O sulfate groups from HS side chains and alter their level and pattern of sulfation and thus biological(More)
The fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family of signaling ligands contributes significantly to lung development and maintenance in the adult. FGF9 is involved in control of epithelial branching and mesenchymal proliferation and expansion in developing lungs. However, its activity and expression in the normal adult lung and by epithelial and interstitial cells(More)
Development of the basement membrane zone (BMZ) occurs postnatally in the rhesus monkey. The purpose of this study was to determine whether house dust mite allergen (HDMA) plus ozone altered this process. Rhesus monkeys were exposed to a regimen of HDMA and/or ozone or filtered air for 6 mo. To detect structural changes in the BMZ, we measured(More)
The airway basement membrane zone is a region specialized for the attachment of the epithelium with the matrix. The epithelium is attached to the lamina densa, which, in turn, is connected to types I and III collagen of the lamina reticularis with anchoring fibrils. The purpose of this study was to define the three-dimensional organization of the structural(More)
A thiocarbohydrazide-silver proteinate (TCH-SP) sequence was applied to thin sections of specimens that had been reacted with the high iron diamine (HID) method for ultrastructural localization of sulfated complex carbohydrates. The exposure to TCH-SP enhanced the electron opacity of HID-reactive sites and increased the sensitivity of the procedure. This(More)