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Serine proteinases of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils play an important role in neutrophil-mediated proteolytic events; however, the non-oxidative mechanisms by which the cells can degrade extracellular matrix in the presence of proteinase inhibitors have not been elucidated. Herein, we provide the first report that human neutrophils express(More)
The wingless (Wnt) family of signaling ligands contributes significantly to lung development and is highly expressed in patients with usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). We sought to define the cellular distribution of Wnt5A in the lung tissue of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and the signaling ligands that control its expression in human(More)
Development of the basement membrane zone (BMZ) occurs postnatally in the rhesus monkey. The purpose of this study was to determine whether house dust mite allergen (HDMA) plus ozone altered this process. Rhesus monkeys were exposed to a regimen of HDMA and/or ozone or filtered air for 6 mo. To detect structural changes in the BMZ, we measured(More)
The histochemical distribution of the thiol proteases cathepsin B and dipeptidyl peptidase I and the serine protease dipeptidyl peptidase II was examined in rat bone and joint using amino acid derivatives of 4-methoxy-2-naphthylamine (MNA). The liberated MNA was then visualized by simultaneous coupling with fast blue B. Cathepsin B was examined with(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a devastating interstitial pneumonia causing a loss of respiratory surface area due to a proliferative fibrotic response involving hyperplastic, hypertrophic, and metaplastic epithelium, cystic honeycomb change, septal expansion, and variable inflammation. Wnt (wingless) signaling glycoproteins are known to(More)
The fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family of signaling ligands contributes significantly to lung development and maintenance in the adult. FGF9 is involved in control of epithelial branching and mesenchymal proliferation and expansion in developing lungs. However, its activity and expression in the normal adult lung and by epithelial and interstitial cells(More)
Environmental exposure to cadmium is known to cause damage to alveolar epithelial cells of the lung, impair their capacity to repair, and result in permanent structural alterations. Cell surface heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) can modulate cell responses to injury through their interactions with soluble effector molecules. These interactions are often(More)
Use of tannic acid (TA), in sequence with ferric chloride, uranyl acetate or gold chloride resulted in staining of selective but sometimes different sites in paraffin sections. TA-uranyl acetate of TA-ferric chloride stained sites rich in complex carbohydrates, wherease TA-gold chloride stained the collagen of various connective tissues different shades of(More)
A thiocarbohydrazide-silver proteinate (TCH-SP) sequence was applied to thin sections of specimens that had been reacted with the high iron diamine (HID) method for ultrastructural localization of sulfated complex carbohydrates. The exposure to TCH-SP enhanced the electron opacity of HID-reactive sites and increased the sensitivity of the procedure. This(More)
On examination with ultrastructural methods for visualizing thevicinal glycols and acid groups of complex carbohydrates, the most superficial surface epithelium of the rat gastric corpus displayed biphasic mucous droplets consisting of a cortex of hexose-rich (i.e. periodate-reactive) neutral mucosubstance and an uncharacterized denser core plus monophasic(More)