Philip L. Powell

Learn More
The maximum tetanic tension (Po) generated by a skeletal muscle is determined by its functional cross-sectional area (CSA) and its specific tension (tension/CSA). Measurements of average fiber length (normalized to a sarcomere length of 2.2 micron), muscle mass, and approximate angle of pinnation of muscle fibers within a muscle were taken from 26 different(More)
The architectural features of the major knee extensors and flexors and ankle plantar flexors and dorsiflexors were determined in three human cadavers. There was marked uniformity of fiber length throughout a given muscle and a trend toward similar fiber lengths within muscles of a synergistic group. Muscle length/fiber length ratios were remarkably similar(More)
The in vivo torque-velocity relationships of the knee extensors (KE), knee flexors (KF), ankle plantarflexors (PF), and ankle dorsiflexors (DF) were determined in 12 untrained subjects using an isokinetic testing device (Cybex II). These data were then matched to the predicted maximum forces and shortening velocities derived from muscle architectural(More)
Because the architectural and biochemical properties of skeletal muscle dictate its force, velocity, and displacement properties, the major extensors (triceps brachii) and flexors (biceps brachii, brachialis, and brachioradialis) of the elbow in a primate (cynomolgus, monkey) were studied. Functional cross-sectional areas (CSA) were calculated from muscle(More)
Three types of diaphragmatic muscle fibers were identified histochemically in the sternal, costal, and crural regions of the cat diaphragm. Differences in the proportion of each muscle fiber type were observed between the abdominal and thoracic surfaces of the diaphragm but not among the different regions. A higher percentage of slow-twitch oxidative fibers(More)
The architectural and histochemical properties of the anatomically distinct compartments of the semitendinosus muscle (ST) of mice, rats, guinea pigs, and rabbits show that the ST is composed of two separate compartments aligned in series--a distal compartment (STd) and a proximal one (STp). The STp is further subdivided into a ventral head (STpv) and a(More)