Philip L. Peterson

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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with primary and secondary injury. A thorough understanding of secondary injury will help to develop effective treatments and improve patient outcome. In this study, the GM model of controlled cortical impact injury (CCII) of Lighthall (1988) was used with modification to induce lateral TBI in rats. Forebrain(More)
OBJECT Oxygen supply to the brain is often insufficient after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and this results in decreased energy production (adenosine triphosphate [ATP]) with consequent neuronal cell death. It is obviously important to restore oxygen delivery after TBI; however, increasing oxygen delivery alone may not improve ATP production if the(More)
A systematic study of the effects of the synthetic glucocorticoid, methylprednisolone (MP), on respiration and energy coupling in tightly-coupled mitochondria isolated from rat tissues has been initiated. In intact rat skeletal muscle, liver and heart mitochondria, incubation, in vitro, with greater than or equal to 0.1 mM MP caused inhibition of the state(More)
Efficacy of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced mitochondrial dysfunction was evaluated following controlled cortical impact injury in rats. Respiratory function and calcium transport of rat forebrain mitochondria from injured and uninjured hemispheres were examined. NAC significantly restored mitochondrial electron transfer,(More)
A 6-week-old boy had generalized weakness, requiring assisted ventilation, and lactic acidosis. At 6 months, the lactic acidosis resolved, and the patient started to improve; assisted ventilation was discontinued at 15 months. Muscle biopsies at 4 and 11 months showed accumulation of mitochondria, lipid, and glycogen; cytochrome c oxidase (COX) activity was(More)
A 3-year prospective study of 31,081 admissions to an inner-city, emergency trauma hospital revealed 33 patients less than or equal to 45 years of age who had a total of 35 acute neurovascular events (infarction or hemorrhage) related to cocaine abuse (3% of the total 979 cocaine-related admissions). Fifty-four percent of the events were ischemic, and 46%(More)
We recently demonstrated that posttraumatic administration of the N-type calcium channel blocker SNX-111 (S) and a novel blood-brain barrier penetrating antioxidant U-101033E (U), significantly alleviated mitochondrial dysfunction induced by traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats. The present study was designed to determine whether a combination of S and U,(More)
OBJECT Determining the efficacy of a drug used in experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI) requires the use of one or more outcome measures such as decreased mortality or fewer neurological and neuropsychological deficits. Unfortunately, outcomes in these test batteries have a fairly large variability, requiring relatively large sample sizes, and(More)
Mitochondrial encephalomyopathies are neurodegenerative disorders characterized by ragged-red myopathy and encephalopathy, which are recognized with increasing frequency. This article presents the clinical features; pertinent historical, biochemical, and genetic aspects; evaluation; and treatment of mitochondrial encephalomyopathies of childhood and the(More)
Two brothers had nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, mental retardation, and vacuolar myopathy, and their mother died of cardiopathy at age 31. Seven families with this syndrome have been described; heredity appears to be X-linked dominant or autosomal dominant, with different expressivity in males and females. The biochemical cause of this(More)