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Sphinx-4 is a flexible, modular and pluggable framework to help foster new innovations in the core research of hidden Markov model (HMM) recognition systems. The design of Sphinx-4 is based on patterns that have emerged from the design of past systems as well as new requirements based on areas that researchers currently want to explore. To exercise this(More)
The Sphinx-4 speech recognition system is the latest addition to Carnegie Mellon University's repository of Sphinx speech recognition systems. It has been jointly designed by Carnegie Mellon University, Sun Microsystems Laboratories and Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories. It is differently designed from the earlier Sphinx systems in terms of(More)
Sphinx-4 is an open source HMM-based speech recognition system written in the JavaTM programming language. The design of the Sphinx-4 decoder incorporates several new features in response to current demands on HMM-based large vocabulary systems. Some new design aspects include graph construction for multilevel parallel decoding with multiple feature streams(More)
Postoperative residual hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with malignant portal vein thrombosis in a 48-year-old man was cured with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for the parenchymal portion and percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) for the malignant portal vein thrombosis. No evidence of tumor recurrence was noted after 18 months of follow-up. The only(More)
The JavaTM platform has a stigma of being a poor performer and has often been shunned as an environment for developing speech engines. We decided to better understand this stigma by writing a speech synthesis engine entirely in the Java programming language. Remarkably, we were able to get better performance from our engine than one using similar algorithms(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the medium-term results of uterine fibroid embolisation in Chinese women with symptomatic uterine fibroids. DESIGN Prospective case series study. SETTING Gynaecology and Interventional Radiology units in a public hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS Patients with symptomatic fibroids who underwent uterine fibroid embolisation in Queen(More)
Purpose: The relationship of the portal vein bifurcation to the liver capsule in Asians, which is an important landmark for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, has not previously been described. Methods: The anatomy of the portal vein bifurcation was studied in 70 adult Chinese cadavers; it was characterized as intrahepatic or extrahepatic. The(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma is common in Asia and is usually treated with repeated transarterial chemoembolization. Gunji et al. showed better survival and fewer complications with autologous blood clot as compared with gelfoam used for embolization. Our aim was to compare the effect of blood clot versus gelfoam. METHODS We(More)
HYPOTHESIS Long-term outcome is good for a selected group of patients with hepatolithiasis treated with liver resection. Liver resection should also be offered to patients with complex hepatolithiasis such as bilateral stones or those with strictures. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Regional hospital. PATIENTS A total of 174 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The degree of necrosis and presence of infection are the crucial determinants of the outcome in patients with pancreatic necrosis. In patients with sterile necrosis, the necrotic material can persist and subsequently results in sepsis. Some of these patients will ultimately require an operation to remove the necrotic material. Percutaneous(More)