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PURPOSE The aim of the study was to characterize enterocolitis in the Ednrb-null (Ednrb-/-) mouse with aganglionosis of the colon and to develop and validate a semiquantitative histopathologic grading system to assess enterocolitis. METHODS We isolated colon and ileal specimens of Ednrb-/- and control mice (Ednrb+/+) and performed histochemical staining(More)
The very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) receptor is a recently cloned member of the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor family that mediates the binding and uptake of VLDL when overexpressed in animal cells. Its sequence is 94% identical in humans and rabbits and 84% identical in humans and chickens, implying a conserved function. Its high level(More)
Development of potentially life-threatening enterocolitis is the most frequent complication in children with Hirschsprung disease (HSCR), even after definitive corrective surgery. Intestinal microbiota likely contribute to the etiology of enterocolitis, so the aim of this study was to compare the fecal bacterial and fungal communities of children who(More)
Mice deficient in cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme of bile acid biosynthesis, were constructed by targeted disruption of the Cyp7 gene. The introduced mutation removed exons 3-5 of the gene and gave rise to a null allele that encoded no immunoreactive or enzymatically active protein. Heterozygous carriers of the disrupted gene(More)
Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis remains the greatest cause of morbidity and mortality in children with Hirschsprung disease. This chapter details the various approaches used to treat and prevent this disease process. This includes prevention of complications, such as stricture formation, prophylaxis with rectal washouts, and identification of(More)
Potentially life-threatening enterocolitis is the most frequent complication in children with colonic aganglionosis (Hirschsprung disease, HSCR), and little is known about the mechanisms leading to enterocolitis. Splenic lymphopenia has been reported in the Endothelin Receptor B (Ednrb)-null mouse model of HSCR that develops enterocolitis. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The study aimed to develop a mouse model of post-pullthrough Hirschsprung's disease that will allow investigation of mechanisms that cause postoperative complications. METHODS We developed a novel microsurgical pullthrough operation on Balb/C mice and evaluated its effect on growth rate and stooling pattern. Histologic assessment of the(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study was to describe and characterize a novel small spleen phenotype with splenic lymphopenia in the Ednrb-null (Ednrb-/-) mouse with aganglionosis known to also develop enterocolitis. METHODS We compared spleen weight as a percent of body weight from Ednrb+/+, Ednrb+/-, and Ednrb-/- mice to quantify our initial observation.(More)
BACKGROUND Hirschsprung disease (HD) results from aganglionosis of the colon, is linked to acute and chronic enterocolitis (known as Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis) despite successful corrective surgery, and can lead to bacteremia and even death. The genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying these disorders are largely unknown. METHODS We(More)
PURPOSE Perianal perforating disease (PF) has been reported in approximately 15% of children with Crohn's disease (CD). It is unknown whether children who present with PF at the time of diagnosis have a different course than those that develop PF while on therapy. METHODS From a prospective, single institution observational registry of children diagnosed(More)