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We analyzed rates of extra structurally abnormal chromosomes (ESAC) detected in prenatal cytogenetic diagnoses of amniotic fluid reported to the New York Chromosome Registry. These karyotypes include both extra unidentified structurally abnormal chromosomes (EUSAC)--often denoted as "markers"--and extra identified structurally abnormal chromosomes (EISAC).(More)
We report data on diagnoses made on amniotic fluid specimens from 1977 to 1984 as reported to the New York State Chromosome Registry. The rate of all de novo (presumed mutant) abnormalities was about 2 per 1,000 in about 61,000 fetuses in which results are unlikely to be biased by the reason for amniocentesis (except for maternal age). This includes about(More)
The incidence of Down syndrome (DS) at conception is highly dependent upon the maternal age distribution and age-specific pregnancy rates. Live-birth prevalence of DS reflects these factors and fetal deaths. Since the introduction of prenatal diagnosis in the early 1970s, the role of fetal deaths in the equation has increased. Between 1920 and the early(More)
Data from birth certificates (BC), death certificates (DC) and medical rehabilitation files (MR) were analyzed to estimate the livebirth prevalence of spina bifida in upstate New York in 1969-1974 and the completeness of the data sources. Birth certificates listed about 68% of cases, death certificates about 27% and medical rehabilitation files about 25%.(More)
Data were analyzed on the results of 19675 prenatal cytogenetic diagnoses reported to two chromosome registries on women aged 35 or over for whom there was no known cytogenetic risk for a chromosome abnormality except parental age. The expected rates at amniocentesis of 47, + 21; 47, + 18; 47, + 13; XXX; XXY; XYY; and other clinically significant(More)
Rates of structural chromosome abnormalities were analyzed in 24,951 fetuses studied prenatally in which there were no grounds to suspect an inherited abnormality. In about one in 200 prenatal cytogenetic diagnoses, an unexpected structural abnormality was found. The observed rate was 5.3 per 1,000, of which 1.7 per 1,000 were unbalanced and 3.6 per 1,000(More)
We report the results of an ongoing survey of rates of spontaneous death of fetuses with chromosome abnormalities detected at second-trimester amniocentesis in which the mother did not elect abortion. Estimated excess risks (and conservative 90% confidence intervals) of spontaneous fetal death for various cytogenetic abnormalities are as follows: 47,+21,(More)
Regression-smoothed maternal age-specific rates of six different categories of cytogenetic abnormalities in recent large-scale prenatal cytogenetic studies were multiplied by independently derived fetal selection coefficients--factors that adjust for the excess likelihood of spontaneous loss of cytogenetically abnormal fetuses--to obtain estimated maternal(More)
Cases in the New York State Congenital Malformations Registry are reported by hospitals and physicians. This study was undertaken to determine whether case finding should be expanded to include routine matching of Vital Records files to the registry in order to identify unreported children. Matching of children who were born in 1983-86 and who had a(More)