Philip Just Larsen

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The mammalian hypothalamus strongly influences ingestive behaviour through several different signalling molecules and receptor systems. Here we show that CART (cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript), a brain-located peptide, is a satiety factor and is closely associated with the actions of two important regulators of food intake, leptin and(More)
Central administration of the preproglucagon-derived peptide glucagon-like peptide-1 significantly inhibits ingestion of food and water, and glucagon-like peptide-1 binding sites are present in a multitude of central areas involved in the regulation of ingestional behaviour. To evaluate further the neuroanatomical organization of central glucagon-like(More)
The retinohypothalamic tract (RHT) relays photic information from the eyes to the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Activation of this pathway by light plays a role in adjusting circadian timing via a glutamatergic pathway at night. Here we report a new signaling pathway by which the RHT may regulate circadian timing in the daytime as well. We used dual(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is widely distributed in interneurons of the central nervous system (CNS), including the hippocampus and cerebral cortex, in concentrations exceeding those of any other known neuropeptides. Sequence data comparing different species show that NPY is highly conserved. This suggests a critical role in regulation of regional neuronal(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a newly discovered neuropeptide that is present in high amounts in hypothalamic neuroendocrine neurons and potently stimulates the accumulation of cAMP within cells of the anterior pituitary. We have employed several specific antisera recognizing different parts of the PACAP precursor to(More)
The novel neuropeptide cocaine-amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) is expressed in several hypothalamic regions and has recently been shown to be involved in the central control of food intake. To characterize the hypothalamic CART neurons and understand the physiological functions they might serve, we undertook an in situ hybridization and(More)
The subcommissural organ (SCO) and the cerebral ependyma receive serotoninergic innervation, but little is known about their origin in the raphe nuclei. Application of the retrograde tracer cholera toxin subunit B (ChB) in the third ventricle resulted in uptake in ependymal axons and backfilling of perikarya in the dorsomedian part of the dorsal raphe(More)
Glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1-(7-36) amide and its pancreatic receptors are important for control of blood glucose levels. However, rat GLP-1 receptors are also localized in the brain, in hypothalamus, and in areas without a blood-brain barrier. When rats were kept on a food restriction schedule, intracerebroventricular injection of GLP-1 just before food(More)
We have recently shown that the hypothalamic neuropeptide CART (cocaine-amphetamine-regulated-transcript) is a leptin dependent endogenous satiety factor in the rat. In the present study we confirm and extend our previous observations by showing that intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administered CART(42-89) dose-dependently inhibits 3-h food intake in food(More)
In the brain preproglucagon expression is limited to a cluster of neurons in the caudal part of the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) as well as a smaller number of neurons that extend laterally from the NTS through the dorsal reticular area into the A1 area. These neurons process preproglucagon to glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), GLP-2, oxyntomodulin and(More)