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Severe congenital neutropenia (SCN) is characterized by neutropenia, recurrent bacterial infections, and maturation arrest in the bone marrow. Although many cases have mutations in the ELA2 gene encoding neutrophil elastase, a significant proportion remain undefined at a molecular level. A mutation (Leu270Pro) in the gene encoding the Wiskott-Aldrich(More)
The autosomal recessive disorder Shwachman-Diamond syndrome, characterized by bone marrow failure and leukemia predisposition, is caused by deficiency of the highly conserved Shwachman-Bodian-Diamond syndrome (SBDS) protein. Here, we identify the function of the yeast SBDS ortholog Sdo1, showing that it is critical for the release and recycling of the(More)
Specific mutations in the human gene encoding the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp) that compromise normal auto-inhibition of WASp result in unregulated activation of the actin-related protein 2/3 complex and increased actin polymerizing activity. These activating mutations are associated with an X-linked form of neutropenia with an intrinsic failure(More)
PURPOSE Activating Notch-1 mutations are frequent in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), occurring in >50% of patients. In murine models of T-ALL, Notch-1 activation can both directly initiate leukemia and cooperate secondarily to other primary events. Whether acquisition of Notch-1 mutations is an early initiating event or a secondary event in the(More)
Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare and rapidly progressive disease which, untreated, invariably leads to death. Gaucher disease is a rare lysosomal storage disorder. The acute neuronopathic variant; type II, is also rapidly progressive. We report an infant with Gaucher disease type II manifesting as HLH. Immunoblot revealed a deficiency of(More)
X-linked SCID (SCID-X1) is amenable to correction by gene therapy using conventional gammaretroviral vectors. Here, we describe the occurrence of clonal T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) promoted by insertional mutagenesis in a completed gene therapy trial of 10 SCID-X1 patients. Integration of the vector in an antisense orientation 35 kb upstream(More)
BACKGROUND Although survival of children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia has improved greatly in the past two decades, the outcome of those who relapse has remained static. We investigated the outcome of children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia who relapsed on present therapeutic regimens. METHODS This open-label randomised trial was undertaken in(More)
Understanding cancer pathogenesis requires knowledge of not only the specific contributory genetic mutations but also the cellular framework in which they arise and function. Here we explore the clonal evolution of a form of childhood precursor-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia that is characterized by a chromosomal translocation generating a TEL-AML1(More)
The level of 20x10(9)/L for prophylactic platelet transfusion has rightly been challenged over the last few years, with some units recommending a level as low as 5x10(9)/L. The higher levels are usually based on retrospective data from the 1950s. We examined the more recent data and came to the conclusion that a threshold of 10x10(9)/L is safe in the stable(More)
Neutrophils are amongst the first immune cells to arrive at sites of infection and play an important role as the host's first line of defence against invading pathogens. Defects of neutrophil number or function are usually recognized clinically by recurrent infections that often are life-threatening. Over the last few years, a number of genetic mutations(More)