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Studies of model insects have greatly increased our understanding of animal development. Yet, they are limited in scope to this small pool of model species: a small number of representatives for a hyperdiverse group with highly varied developmental processes. One factor behind this narrow scope is the challenging nature of traditional methods of study, such(More)
Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) has been widely used to generate high-resolution 3-D tissue images from small animals nondestructively, especially for mineralized skeletal tissues. However, its application to the analysis of soft cardiovascular tissues has been limited by poor inter-tissue contrast. Recent ex vivo studies have shown that contrast(More)
We introduce a recurrent network architecture for modelling a general class of dynamical systems. The network is intended for modelling real-world processes in which empirical measurements of the external and state variables are obtained at discrete time points. The model can learn from multiple temporal patterns, which may evolve on different timescales(More)
Dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaurs, such as Velociraptor, possess strongly recurved, hypertrophied and hyperextensible ungual claws on the pes (digit II) and manus. The morphology of these unguals has been linked to the capture and despatching of prey. However, the mechanical properties or, more importantly, the mechanical potential of these structures have(More)
This paper describes an investigation into the suitability of Gaussian process models for predicting the microstructure evolution arising from static recrystallization. These methods have the advantage of not requiring a prior understanding of the micromechanical processes. They are wholly empirical and use a Bayesian framework to infer the probability(More)
The extensor carpi ulnaris musculotendinous unit has important agonist and antagonist action in wrist motion, including the dart-throwing action, and is a dynamic stabilizer of the distal radioulnar joint during forearm rotation. Despite its functional and clinical importance, little is known about its internal structure. Investigation of the ultrastructure(More)