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Leukotrienes, the biologically active metabolites of arachidonic acid, have been implicated in a variety of inflammatory responses, including asthma, arthritis and psoriasis. Recently a compound, MK-886, has been described that blocks the synthesis of leukotrienes in intact activated leukocytes, but has little or no effect on enzymes involved in leukotriene(More)
Previous studies involving transfection of cDNAs for 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) and 5-lipoxygenase into osteosarcoma cells have shown that both these proteins are essential for leukotriene synthesis (Dixon, R. A. F., Diehl, R. E., Opas, E., Rands, E., Vickers, P. J., Evans, J. F., Gillard, J. W., and Miller, D. K. (1990) Nature 343, 282-284).(More)
Aspirin (ASA) acetylates Ser516 of prostaglandin G/H synthase-2 (PGHS-2) resulting in a modified enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to 15(R)-hydroxy-eicosatetraeroic acid [15(R)-HETE]. ASA has pharmacological benefits that may not all be limited to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, and this study was initiated to further investigate the properties(More)
Prostaglandin G/H synthase (PGHS), a key enzyme leading to the formation of prostaglandins, is the target of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Two forms of the enzyme have been identified, PGHS-1 and PGHS-2. Epidemiological evidence has suggested that aspirin and other nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. We(More)
The intracellular distribution of the enzyme 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) and 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) in resting and ionophore-activated human leukocytes has been determined using immuno-electronmicroscopic labeling of ultrathin frozen sections and subcellular fractionation techniques. 5-LO is a 78-kD protein that catalyzes the conversion of(More)
Several inflammatory diseases, including asthma, arthritis and psoriasis are associated with the production of leukotrienes by neutrophils, mast cells and macrophages. The initial enzymatic step in the formation of leukotrienes is the oxidation of arachidonic acid by 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) to leukotriene A4. Osteosarcoma cells transfected with 5-LO express(More)
Low levels of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), the first committed enzyme in the synthesis of leukotrienes (LTs), have been reported in the porcine pancreas. We have quantitated 5-LO activity in subcellular fractions of pancreas samples from three human donors. 5-LO activity was detectable in all samples, although enzyme activity was lower than in human leukocytes.(More)
Prostaglandin G/H synthase (PGHS) is a key enzyme in cellular prostaglandin (PG) synthesis and is the target of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. PGHS occurs in two isoforms, termed PGHS-1 and PGHS-2. These isoforms differ in several respects, including their enzymatic activity following acetylation by aspirin. While PG synthesis by both isoforms is(More)
5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) and its activating protein (FLAP) are both required for cellular leukotriene (LT) synthesis, with 5-LO catalyzing both the synthesis of (5S)-5-hydroperoxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-HPETE) from arachidonic acid and the subsequent synthesis of LTA4 from 5-HPETE. We have previously expressed both human 5-LO and human FLAP to high(More)
The lipoxygenases (LOs) are a family of nonheme iron dioxygenases that catalyse the insertion of molecular oxygen into polyunsaturated fatty acids. Five members of this gene family have been described in man, 5-LO, 12S-LO, 12R-LO, 15-LO and 15S-LO. Using partially purified recombinant 15S-LO enzyme and cells constitutively expressing this protein, we have(More)