Philip J. Vickers

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Leukotrienes, the biologically active metabolites of arachidonic acid, have been implicated in a variety of inflammatory responses, including asthma, arthritis and psoriasis. Recently a compound, MK-886, has been described that blocks the synthesis of leukotrienes in intact activated leukocytes, but has little or no effect on enzymes involved in leukotriene(More)
Prostaglandin G/H synthase (PGHS), a key enzyme leading to the formation of prostaglandins, is the target of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Two forms of the enzyme have been identified, PGHS-1 and PGHS-2. Epidemiological evidence has suggested that aspirin and other nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. We(More)
Previous studies involving transfection of cDNAs for 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) and 5-lipoxygenase into osteosarcoma cells have shown that both these proteins are essential for leukotriene synthesis (Dixon, R. A. F., Diehl, R. E., Opas, E., Rands, E., Vickers, P. J., Evans, J. F., Gillard, J. W., and Miller, D. K. (1990) Nature 343, 282-284).(More)
5-Lipoxygenase (5-LO) and its activating protein (FLAP) are both required for cellular leukotriene (LT) synthesis, with 5-LO catalyzing both the synthesis of (5S)-5-hydroperoxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-HPETE) from arachidonic acid and the subsequent synthesis of LTA4 from 5-HPETE. We have previously expressed both human 5-LO and human FLAP to high(More)
Aspirin (ASA) acetylates Ser516 of prostaglandin G/H synthase-2 (PGHS-2) resulting in a modified enzyme that converts arachidonic acid to 15(R)-hydroxy-eicosatetraeroic acid [15(R)-HETE]. ASA has pharmacological benefits that may not all be limited to inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis, and this study was initiated to further investigate the properties(More)
Several inflammatory diseases, including asthma, arthritis and psoriasis are associated with the production of leukotrienes by neutrophils, mast cells and macrophages. The initial enzymatic step in the formation of leukotrienes is the oxidation of arachidonic acid by 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) to leukotriene A4. Osteosarcoma cells transfected with 5-LO express(More)
5-Lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) is an 18-kDa integral membrane protein which is essential for cellular leukotriene (LT) synthesis, and is the target of LT biosynthesis inhibitors. However, the mechanism by which FLAP activates 5-LO has not been determined. We have expressed high levels of human FLAP in Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf9) insect cells(More)
Site-directed mutagenesis was used to develop deletion and point mutants of human 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP), which were then expressed in COS-7 cells. Membrane preparations from these cells were analyzed in a radioligand binding assay. Binding of leukotriene biosynthesis inhibitors to FLAP mutants containing deletions of 2 to 6 amino acids(More)
Prostaglandin G/H synthase (PGHS) is a key enzyme in cellular prostaglandin (PG) synthesis and is the target of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents. PGHS occurs in two isoforms, termed PGHS-1 and PGHS-2. These isoforms differ in several respects, including their enzymatic activity following acetylation by aspirin. While PG synthesis by both isoforms is(More)
5-Lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) is specifically labeled by [125I]L-669,083 and [125I]L-691,678, photoaffinity analogues of two classes of potent leukotriene biosynthesis inhibitors. Because human FLAP contains only a single tryptophan residue at position 72 and two internal methionine residues at positions 89 and 125, we have used reagents that(More)