Philip J. Tofilon

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Inhibitors of the molecular chaperone Hsp90 have been shown to enhance tumor cell radiosensitivity. To begin to address the mechanism responsible, we have determined the effect of the Hsp90 inhibitor 17-(dimethylaminoethylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17DMAG) on the DNA damage response to radiation. Exposure of MiaPaCa tumor cells to 17DMAG, which(More)
Radiation continues to be a major treatment modality for tumors located within and close to the central nervous system (CNS). Consequently, alleviating or protecting against radiation-induced CNS injury would be of benefit in cancer treatment. However, the rational development of such interventional strategies will depend on a more complete understand-ing(More)
In vitro investigations of tumor stem-like cells (TSC) isolated from human glioblastoma (GB) surgical specimens have been done primarily at an atmospheric oxygen level of 20%. To determine whether an oxygen level more consistent with in situ conditions affects their stem cell-like characteristics, we compared GB TSCs grown under conditions of 20% and 7%(More)
PURPOSE Because of the potential for affecting multiple signaling pathways, inhibition of Hsp90 may provide a strategy for enhancing tumor cell radiosensitivity. Therefore, we have investigated the effects of the orally bioavailable Hsp90 inhibitor 17-(dimethylaminoethylamino)-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-DMAG) on the radiosensitivity of human tumor cells(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, the inducible isoform of prostaglandin H synthase, has been implicated in the growth and progression of a variety of human cancers. Although COX-2 overexpression has been observed in human gliomas, the prognostic or clinical relevance of this overexpression has not been investigated to date. In addition, no study has analyzed the(More)
PURPOSE Current strategies for tumor cell radiosensitization focus on a target-based approach. However, the radioresponse of a tumor cell is influenced by a wide variety of signaling molecules existing in a number of different survival pathways. Therefore, in an attempt to increase the probability and/or degree of radiosensitization, we have begun to(More)
Valproic acid (VA) is a well-tolerated drug used to treat seizure disorders and has recently been shown to inhibit histone deacetylase (HDAC). Because HDAC modulates chromatin structure and gene expression, parameters considered to influence radioresponse, we investigated the effects of VA on the radiosensitivity of human brain tumor cells grown in vitro(More)
Exosomes are nanometer-sized lipid vesicles released ubiquitously by cells, which have been shown to have a normal physiological role, as well as influence the tumor microenvironment and aid metastasis. Recent studies highlight the ability of exosomes to convey tumor-suppressive and oncogenic mRNAs, microRNAs, and proteins to a receiving cell, subsequently(More)
PURPOSE Temozolomide, a DNA methylating agent, is currently undergoing clinical evaluation for cancer therapy. Because temozolomide has been shown to increase survival rates of patients with malignant gliomas when given combined with radiation, and there is conflicting preclinical data concerning the radiosensitizing effects of temozolomide, we further(More)
PURPOSE Valproic acid (VPA) is an antiepileptic agent with histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) activity shown to sensitize glioblastoma (GBM) cells to radiation in preclinical models. We evaluated the addition of VPA to standard radiation therapy (RT) plus temozolomide (TMZ) in patients with newly diagnosed GBM. METHODS AND MATERIALS Thirty-seven(More)