Philip J. Shaw

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During the blood stages of malaria, several hundred parasite-encoded proteins are exported beyond the double-membrane barrier that separates the parasite from the host cell cytosol. These proteins have a variety of roles that are essential to virulence or parasite growth. There is keen interest in understanding how proteins are exported and whether common(More)
The homeobox gene bicoid functions as an anterior pattern organizer of the Drosophila embryo, but other than in higher flies (Cyclorrhapha), bicoid orthologues appear to be absent from insect genomes. In Drosophila, bicoid is expressed in an anterior-to-posterior protein gradient and regulates spatially restricted expression domains of segmentation genes in(More)
Co-evolution between developmental regulatory elements is an important mechanism of evolution. This work compares the hunchback-bicoid interaction in the housefly Musca domestica with Drosophila melanogaster. The Musca HUNCHBACK protein is 66% conserved and partially rescues a hunchback mutant, yet the BICOID-dependent promoter (P2) of Musca hunchback is(More)
To further understand the evolutionary dynamics of the regulatory interactions underlying development, we expand on our previous analysis of hunchback and compare the structure and function of the tailless enhancer between Musca domestica and Drosophila melanogaster. Our analysis shows that although the expression patterns and functional protein domains of(More)
Non-random patterns of genetic variation exist among individuals in a population owing to a variety of evolutionary factors. Therefore, populations are structured into genetically distinct subpopulations. As genotypic datasets become ever larger, it is increasingly difficult to correctly estimate the number of subpopulations and assign individuals to them.(More)
The mRNA 5' cap is an essential structural feature for translation of eukaryotic mRNA. Translation is initiated by recognition of the cap by the translation initiation factor eIF4E. To further our understanding of mRNA translation in the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, we have investigated the parasite eIF4E and its interaction with capped(More)
The ever increasing sizes of population genetic datasets pose great challenges for population structure analysis. The Tracy-Widom (TW) statistical test is widely used for detecting structure. However, it has not been adequately investigated whether the TW statistic is susceptible to type I error, especially in large, complex datasets. Non-parametric,(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) do not provide a full account of the heritability of genetic diseases since gene-gene interactions, also known as epistasis are not considered in single locus GWAS. To address this problem, a considerable number of methods have been developed for identifying disease-associated gene-gene interactions. However, these(More)
There is considerable ethno-linguistic and genetic variation among human populations in Asia, although tracing the origins of this diversity is complicated by migration events. Thailand is at the center of Mainland Southeast Asia (MSEA), a region within Asia that has not been extensively studied. Genetic substructure may exist in the Thai population, since(More)
The malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum exports several hundred proteins into the infected erythrocyte that are involved in cellular remodeling and severe virulence. The export mechanism involves the Plasmodium export element (PEXEL), which is a cleavage site for the parasite protease, Plasmepsin V (PMV). The PMV gene is refractory to deletion,(More)