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An experimental method and its associated mathematical model are described to quantitate in vivo incorporation rates into and turnovers of fatty acids (FAs) within stable brain metabolic compartments, particularly phospholipids. A radiolabeled FA is injected i.v. in a rat, and arterial plasma unacylated FA radioactivities and unlabeled concentrations are(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and natriuretic peptide hormones play key roles in a surprising number of neuronal functions, including learning and memory. Most data suggest that they exert converging actions by elevation of intracellular cyclic GMP (cGMP) levels through activation of soluble and particulate guanylyl cyclases. However, cGMP is only the starting point(More)
PURPOSE To measure the sensitivity and accuracy of double-contrast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the cirrhotic liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS Twenty-seven patients with MR features of dysplastic nodules and/or HCC were examined. T2-weighted spin-echo and T1-weighted gradient-echo imaging was performed(More)
When nerve terminals in the brain are stimulated, a group of phosphoproteins called the dephosphins are coordinately dephosphorylated by calcineurin, the Ca(2+)-dependent protein phosphatase. Amazingly, the seven presently known dephosphins are not structurally related, yet each has been independently shown to be essential for synaptic vesicle endocytosis(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the safety and efficacy of gadoxetic acid disodium-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for the detection of focal liver lesions, with results of histopathologic examination and/or intraoperative ultrasonography used as a standard of reference. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred sixty-nine patients who were known to have or(More)
A multicenter study has been employed to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using the new liver-specific contrast agent gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA, Primovist), as opposed to contrast-enhanced biphasic spiral computed tomography (CT), in the diagnosis of focal liver lesions, compared with a standard of reference (SOR). One(More)
PURPOSE To prospectively compare accuracy of dynamic contrast material-enhanced thin-section multi-detector row helical computed tomography (CT), high-spatial-resolution three-dimensional (3D) dynamic gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)-enhanced MR imaging with optimized gradient-echo (GRE) sequence(More)
DNA structural analysis of the Qa region in two BALB/c mouse substrains with different Qa-2 phenotypes reveals that a deletion of DNA has occurred in BALB/cBy (Qa-2-) mice relative to BALB/c (Qa-2+) mice. We propose that this deletion arises from unequal crossing-over and recombination between adjacent BALB/c class I genes and results in the generation of a(More)
Chromatin structure plays a fundamental role in the regulation of nuclear processes such as DNA transcription, replication, recombination, and repair. Despite considerable efforts during three decades, the structure of the 30-nm chromatin fiber remains controversial. To define fiber dimensions accurately, we have produced very long and regularly folded(More)
We examined the metabolic disposition and brain distribution of an unsaturated fatty acid, [1-14C]arachidonate, between 5 and 240 min following its intravenous bolus injection in unanesthetized adult rats. Injected [1-14C]arachidonate was cleared rapidly from plasma, with less than 10% remaining by 2 min. Total brain radioactivity, 0.2% of the injected(More)