Philip J. Lowry

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In recent studies to clone and characterize genes coding for the corticotropin-releasing factor-binding protein (CRF-BP), analysis of the tissue distribution of the CRF-BP gene indicated a high level of expression in the rat brain. We have now characterized by immunohistochemical and hybridization histochemical means the cellular localization of CRF-BP(More)
We report the existence of a ‘placental clock’, which is active from an early stage in human pregnancy and determines the length of gestation and the timing of parturition and delivery. Using a prospective, longitudinal cohort study of 485 pregnant women we have demonstrated that placental secretion of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is a marker of(More)
Pre-eclampsia is a principal cause of maternal morbidity and mortality, affecting 5-10% of first pregnancies worldwide. Manifestations include increased blood pressure, proteinuria, coagulopathy and peripheral and cerebral oedema. Although the aetiology and pathogenesis remain to be elucidated, the placenta is undoubtedly involved, as termination of(More)
Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), is a potent stimulator of synthesis and secretion of preopiomelanocortin-derived peptides. Although CRF concentrations in the human peripheral circulation are normally low, they increase throughout pregnancy and fall rapidly after parturition. Maternal plasma CRF probably originates from the placenta, which responds to(More)
Initially the hypothalamic factor responsible for the release of corticotropin (CRF), was thought to be a simple peptide. More recent work has led to the conclusion that CRF is a multifactorial complex. In 1979 we proposed that vasopressin, much disputed as a CRF candidate, was a major constituent of the complex, interacting with a potentiating the CRF(More)
We report four human tachykinins, endokinins A, B, C, and D (EKA-D), encoded from a single tachykinin precursor 4 gene that generates four mRNAs (alpha, beta, gamma, and delta). Tachykinin 4 gene expression was detected primarily in adrenal gland and in the placenta, where, like neurokinin B, significant amounts of EKB-like immunoreactivity were detected.(More)
A 37-kDa corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) binding protein (CRF-BP) was purified from human plasma by repeated affinity purification and subsequently sequenced and cloned. The human and rat CRF-BP cDNAs encode proteins of 322 amino acids with one putative signal sequence, one N-glycosylation site, and 10 conserved cysteines. Human CRF-BP binds human CRF(More)
The expression and activities of corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF), urocortin (UCN), the CRF-binding protein (CRF-BP) and CRF receptors in rat brain have been well documented; however, information regarding their peripheral distributions remains incomplete. Given the multiple immunomodulatory effects of peripherally administered CRF and UCN and the high(More)