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Treated phenylketonuria (PKU) has been linked to dopaminergic depletion in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, potentially leading to selective executive impairment. White matter abnormalities may lead to generalized slowing of information processing. These 2 hypotheses were evaluated in adults with PKU on a lifelong diet. Those with PKU were significantly(More)
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a dominantly inherited disorder characterized by patent fontanelles, wide cranial sutures, hypoplasia of clavicles, short stature, supernumerary teeth, and other skeletal anomalies. We recently demonstrated that mutations in the transcription factor CBFA1, on chromosome 6p21, are associated with CCD. We have now analyzed the(More)
Normal reabsorption of glomerular filtrate proteins probably requires recycling of the endocytic receptors megalin (gp330) and cubilin. Both receptors are located on the luminal surface of the renal proximal tubule epithelium. Whether abnormal amounts of receptor are present in the urine of patients with Dent's disease, Lowe's syndrome, or autosomal(More)
Glycogen-storage diseases type I (GSD type I) are due to a deficiency in glucose-6-phosphatase, an enzymatic system present in the endoplasmic reticulum that plays a crucial role in blood glucose homeostasis. Unlike GSD type Ia, types Ib and Ic are not due to mutations in the phosphohydrolase gene and are clinically characterized by the presence of(More)
The purpose of this work was to test the hypothesis that mutations in the putative glucose 6-phosphate translocase gene would account for most of the cases of GSD I that are not explained by mutations in the phosphohydrolase gene, ie that are not type Ia. Twenty-three additional families diagnosed as having GSD I non-a (GSDIb, Ic or Id) have now been(More)
Urinary protein and calcium excretion were assessed in 77 patients with the hepatic glycogen storage diseases (GSD): 30 with GSD-I (median age 12.4 years, range 3.2–32.9 years), 25 with GSD-III (median age 10.5 years, range 4.2–31.3 years) and 22 with GSD-IX (median age 11.8 years, range 1.2–35.4 years). Inulin (C inulin) and para-aminohippuric acid (C PAH)(More)
Anderson–Fabry disease (AFD), an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder, leads to multi-organ dysfunction and premature mortality. Depression in adults with AFD has been reported, but no large study has been done. We have examined the adult Fabry population in the United Kingdom to describe the prevalence, associated factors and frequency of diagnosis of(More)
The executive deficit hypothesis of treated phenylketonuria (PKU) suggests that dopaminergic depletion in the lateral prefrontal cortex leads to selective executive impairment. This was examined by comparing adults with PKU on a lifelong diet with a matched healthy control group. Those with PKU were impaired on selective and sustained attention, working(More)
Anderson-Fabry disease (AFD) is an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency in the enzyme alpha-galactosidase A. More than 60% of patients with AFD have evidence for cardiac involvement; the prevalence and clinical significance of arrhythmia in AFD are unknown. Seventy-eight consecutive patients (mean age 43.5 +/- 15.0 years, range 13.0 to(More)
OBJECTIVE There has been much debate concerning the relative contribution of insulin resistance to the development of polycystic ovaries (PCO). We therefore aimed to assess ovarian morphology and insulin/androgen status in females with the hepatic glycogen storage diseases types Ia (GSD-Ia) and III (GSD-III), disorders associated with abnormalities of(More)