Philip J. Langlais

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Exploratory activity, spontaneous alternation, learning and memory abilities were examined in the pyrithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency (PTD) rat model of Wernicke-Korsakoff's syndrome and pair-fed controls (CT). PTD and CT animals showed normal retention of a single trial of a passive avoidance task acquired prior to the acute stages of thiamine(More)
The current study measured extracellular fluid (ECF) levels of excitatory amino acids before and during the onset of thiamine deficiency-induced pathologic lesions. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with daily pyrithiamine (0.25 mg/kg i.p.) and a thiamine-deficient diet (PTD). Microdialysates were simultaneously collected from probes inserted acutely(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies have shown memory deficits among combat veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, high rates of comorbid conditions, including alcoholism, make it difficult to definitively associate these findings with the PTSD diagnosis. In this study the authors examined memory functioning among rape survivors without alcoholism or(More)
In recent years, considerable data have emerged that psychotic (delusional) depression is characterized by pronounced increases in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity and positive responses to combined treatment with tricyclic antidepressants and antipsychotic (dopamine-blocking) agents. Recently, a number of observations in several species,(More)
An acute bout of pyrithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency (PTD) produces pathologic lesions within thalamus, mammillary body, and periventricular regions of rat brain. The biological bases for these pathologic changes and their selective distribution within the brain are unclear. The type of tissue damage observed within the thalamus of PTD rats closely(More)
Groups of rats received bilateral destruction of either the nucleus basalis magnocellularis (NBM) by infusion of ibotenic acid, the dorsal noradrenergic bundle (DNB) by infusion of 6-hydroxydopamine, or both NBM + DNB (COMB). These lesion groups along with sham operated controls were trained on a food reinforced spatial delayed conditional discrimination(More)
The present study examined the cytopathological changes within diencephalon of a rat model of Wernicke's encephalopathy and determined whether administration of thiamine at various intervals after onset of neurological signs can arrest or reverse the cytopathological process. Electron microscopic examination of the brains from animals sacrificed at four(More)
Concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the antioxidant glutathione (GSH) was measured in thalamus and cortex after 13 and 14 days of pyrithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency (PTD) in the rat. The concentration of ROS was significantly elevated in thalamus and cortex on day 14 when righting reflexes were absent and spontaneous seizures occured.(More)
BACKGROUND The prolonged and heavy consumption of ethanol has been associated with thiamine deficiency and a wide range of cognitive and memory impairments. The present study was undertaken to test the hypothesis that ethanol and thiamine deficiency act synergistically, producing more severe clinical neurological disturbances and cognitive and memory(More)
Previous studies have shown that following an acute bout of pyrithiamine-induced thiamine deficiency (PTD) rats are impaired in learning appetitively and aversively motivated T-maze tasks. The present study examined if PTD-treated rats exhibit both anterograde and retrograde memory loss of an aversively motivated spatial navigation task. Histological(More)