Philip J Hogg

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The prevailing view is that disulfide bonds have been added during evolution to enhance the stability of proteins that function in a fluctuating cellular environment. However, recent evidence indicates that disulfide bonds can be more than inert structural motifs. The function of some secreted soluble proteins and cell-surface receptors is controlled by(More)
Arsenic is a semi-metal or metalloid with two biologically important oxidation states, As(III) and As(V). As(III), in particular, reacts with closely spaced protein thiols, forming stable cyclic dithioarsinite complexes in which both sulfur atoms are bound to arsenic. It is this reaction that is mostly responsible for arsenics cytotoxicity. Arsenic(More)
Cell-surface tissue factor (TF) binds the serine protease factor VIIa to activate coagulation or, alternatively, to trigger signaling through the G protein-coupled, protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) relevant to inflammation and angiogenesis. Here we demonstrate that TF.VIIa-mediated coagulation and cell signaling involve distinct cellular pools of TF.(More)
Disulfide bonds have been generally considered to be either structural or catalytic. Structural bonds stabilize a protein, while catalytic bonds mediate thiol-disulfide interchange reactions in substrate proteins. There is emerging evidence for a third type of disulfide bond that can control protein function by triggering a conformational change when it(More)
Mitochondria are the powerhouse of the cell and their disruption leads to cell death. We have used a peptide trivalent arsenical, 4-(N-(S-glutathionylacetyl)amino) phenylarsenoxide (GSAO), to inactivate the adenine nucleotide translocator (ANT) that exchanges matrix ATP for cytosolic ADP across the inner mitochondrial membrane and is the key component of(More)
The genome-wide set of Saccharomyces cerevisiae deletion strains provides the opportunity to analyze how other organisms may respond to toxic agents. Since arsenic trioxide selectively kills human acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells by a poorly understood mechanism we screened the yeast deletion strains for sensitivity or resistance. In addition to(More)
Tissue Factor (TF) is the mammalian plasma membrane cofactor responsible for initiation of blood coagulation. Binding of blood coagulation factor VIIa to TF activates the serine proteinase zymogens factors IX and X by limited proteolysis leading to the formation of a thrombin and fibrin meshwork that stabilizes the thrombus. TF on the plasma membrane of(More)
Morphologic assessment of lung tumors is informative but insufficient to adequately predict patient outcome. We previously identified transcriptional profiles that predict patient survival, and here we identify proteins associated with patient survival in lung adenocarcinoma. A total of 682 individual protein spots were quantified in 90 lung adenocarcinomas(More)
Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) facilitates proper folding and disulfide bonding of nascent proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum and is secreted by cells and associates with the cell surface. We examined the consequence of over- or underexpression of PDI in HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells for the redox state of cell-surface protein thiols/disulfides.(More)
Allosteric disulfide bonds control protein function by mediating conformational change when they undergo reduction or oxidation. The known allosteric disulfide bonds are characterized by a particular bond geometry, the -RHStaple. A number of thrombosis and thrombolysis proteins contain one or more disulfide bonds of this type. Tissue factor (TF) was the(More)