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BACKGROUND Much effort has been expended in the search for an endogenous inhibitor of the cellular sodium/potassium pump, a compound of major physiological importance, which has been implicated in the mechanism of essential hypertension. Others have suggested that ouabain or an isomer of ouabain may be the endogenous pump inhibitor. Neonatal cord serum(More)
In the critically ill, metabolic acidosis is a common observation and, in clinical practice, the cause of this derangement is often multi-factorial. Various measures are often employed to try and characterise the aetiology of metabolic acidosis, the most popular of which is the anion gap. The purpose of the anion gap can be perceived as a means by which the(More)
In a recent publication the widely held view that the intracellular proton buffering power [defined as the amount of acid or base that has to be added to the cytosol to change the intracellular pH (pHi) by one pH unit] increases as the intracellular pH decreases, has been challenged, with the opposite relationship being proposed. In that publication,(More)
Cation transport and electrolyte composition were studied in leucocytes from 17 patients with uncomplicated essential hypertension. Significant increases in cell sodium and water contents, associated with a depression of the rate-constant for active sodium efflux, were found in the hypertensive patients. These abnormalities in cell sodium transport may(More)
1. In seventeen patients with untreated essential hypertension the sodium and water contents of leucocytes were significantly increased, whereas the rate constant for ouabain-sensitive sodium efflux was significantly reduced. 2. These abnormalities were not found in fourteen other patients with well-controlled hypertension. 3. Preliminary observations in(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of magnetic resonance renography (MRR) using gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) in comparison with conventional radionuclide renography (RR) using technetium-99m-DTPA (99mTc-DTPA). MRR has many advantages over RR, including lack of ionising radiation, increased spatial resolution, and(More)