Philip J Hilton

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BACKGROUND Much effort has been expended in the search for an endogenous inhibitor of the cellular sodium/potassium pump, a compound of major physiological importance, which has been implicated in the mechanism of essential hypertension. Others have suggested that ouabain or an isomer of ouabain may be the endogenous pump inhibitor. Neonatal cord serum(More)
INTRODUCTION Acute metabolic acidosis of non-renal origin is usually a result of either lactic or ketoacidosis, both of which are associated with a high anion gap. There is increasing recognition, however, of a group of acidotic patients who have a large anion gap that is not explained by either keto- or lactic acidosis nor, in most cases, is inappropriate(More)
Cation transport and electrolyte composition were studied in leucocytes from 17 patients with uncomplicated essential hypertension. Significant increases in cell sodium and water contents, associated with a depression of the rate-constant for active sodium efflux, were found in the hypertensive patients. These abnormalities in cell sodium transport may(More)
T he concept of a circulating digitalis-like inhibitor of the sodium pump, Na + , K +-ATPase, evolved from studies performed in the 1960s. De Wardener et al 1 addressed the question of whether a small increase in the glomerular filtration rate together with changes in the concentration of the more recently discovered hormone aldosterone could explain the(More)
In the critically ill, metabolic acidosis is a common observation and, in clinical practice, the cause of this derangement is often multi-factorial. Various measures are often employed to try and characterise the aetiology of metabolic acidosis, the most popular of which is the anion gap. The purpose of the anion gap can be perceived as a means by which the(More)
Earlier work with rat arteries has resulted in a widely held assumption that resistance artery smooth muscle will not contract on exposure to a reduced transplasmalemmal sodium gradient. In view of the well-recognized low sensitivity of rat tissue to cardiac glycosides, we have investigated the effects of altering the transplasmalemmal sodium gradient on(More)
INTRODUCTION Midazolam is used routinely to sedate patients in the intensive care unit (ICU). We suspected that midazolam over-sedation was occurring in the ICU of the Guy's and St. Thomas' Trust and that it could be difficult to differentiate this from underlying neurological damage. A sensitive assay for detecting midazolam and 1-hydroxymidazolam(More)