Philip J Ellery

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HIV-1 persists in peripheral blood monocytes in individuals receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with viral suppression, despite these cells being poorly susceptible to infection in vitro. Because very few monocytes harbor HIV-1 in vivo, we considered whether a subset of monocytes might be more permissive to infection. We show that a minor(More)
The mechanisms underlying the pathogenicity of CCR5-restricted (R5) human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) strains are incompletely understood. Acquisition or enhancement of macrophage (M)-tropism by R5 viruses contributes to R5 HIV-1 pathogenesis. In this study, we show that M-tropic R5 viruses isolated from individuals with acquired immunodeficiency(More)
Defective immunological function of cells of the macrophage lineage contributes considerably to the pathogenesis of HIV-1 infection. Impairment of phagocytosis of opportunistic pathogens such as Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), Pneumocystis carinii, Toxoplasma gondii or Candida albicans by peripheral blood monocytes, tissue macrophages and(More)
Heterozygosity for the CCR5 Delta32 allele is associated with delayed progression to AIDS in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. Here we describe an unusual HIV-1 isolate from the blood of an asymptomatic individual who was heterozygous for the CCR5 Delta32 allele and had reduced levels of CCR5 expression. The primary virus used CCR5,(More)
Defective function of monocyte-derived macrophages contributes to HIV-1 pathogenesis. We found that phagocytosis of the opportunistic pathogens Mycobacterium avium complex and Toxoplasma gondii was impaired in monocytes obtained from individuals infected with wild-type strains of HIV-1 but generally not in monocytes collected over a 6-year period from(More)
HIV-1 infection impairs a number of macrophage effector functions, thereby contributing to development of opportunistic infections and the pathogenesis of AIDS. FcgammaR-mediated phagocytosis by human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM) is inhibited by HIV-1 infection in vitro, and the underlying mechanism was investigated in this study. Inhibition of(More)
Heterozygosity for the CCR5 Δ32 allele is associated with delayed progression to AIDS in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. Here we describe an unusual HIV-1 isolate from the blood of an asymptomatic individual who was heterozygous for the CCR5 Δ32 allele and had reduced levels of CCR5 expression. The primary virus used CCR5, CXCR4, and(More)
Monocytes play an important, yet only partly understood, role in HIV-1 pathogenesis. Two main subsets of peripheral blood monocytes have been described; the major subset of monocytes are phenotypically characterized as being CD14hi/CD16-, and a minor subset (5-15% of total monocytes in healthy individuals), which are CD14lo/CD16hi, have been reported to be(More)
Monocytes and macrophages constitute important cellular targets for macrophage-tropic (M-tropic) strains of HIV-1 and are believed to play a major role in the pathogenesis of AIDS. This updated unit provides procedures for culturing HIV in these target cells under suspension and adherent cell culture conditions. The unit also provides methods for expanding(More)
In a cross-sectional study, monocyte subsets in placental, cord, and maternal peripheral blood from pregnant Malawian women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 infection and/or malaria were analyzed. HIV-uninfected Malawian women had higher baseline proportions of CD16(+) monocytes than those reported for healthy adults in developed countries. Malaria(More)