Philip J. Corr

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A fully fledged neuroscience of personality is beginning to emerge, shaped and guided in large measure by the seminal work of Jeffrey A. Gray over a period of 40 years. In this Festschrift, I trace the theoretical development of Gray's approach--now known as Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST)--out of the Eysenckian tradition to its most recent(More)
We present in this paper a picture of the neural systems controlling defense that updates and simplifies Gray's "Neuropsychology of Anxiety". It is based on two behavioural dimensions: 'defensive distance' as defined by the Blanchards and 'defensive direction'. Defensive direction is a categorical dimension with avoidance of threat corresponding to fear and(More)
The Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) of personality is a theoretical account of the neural and psychological processes underlying the major dimensions of personality. The first of this introductory chapter traces the development of RST, from its official birth in 1970, through to Gray’s highly influential 1982 The Neuropsychology of Anxiety, and on to(More)
We report the development and validation of a questionnaire measure of the revised reinforcement sensitivity theory (rRST) of personality. Starting with qualitative responses to defensive and approach scenarios modeled on typical rodent ethoexperimental situations, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) revealed a robust 6-factor structure: 2(More)
The present study investigated the reliability and susceptibility to practice effects of oculomotor tasks. Smooth pursuit, fixation, antisaccade, and prosaccade tasks were administered to 31 healthy participants to assess internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) and within-session practice effects. Twenty-one of these participants were retested after an(More)
Procedural learning (PL) is a type of rule-based learning in which performance facilitation occurs with practice on task without the need for conscious awareness. Schizophrenic patients have often (though not invariably) been found to show impaired PL. We performed functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during a blocked, periodic sequence-learning(More)
EEG coherence and EEG power response were recorded as 63 participants engaged in one of three experimental conditions: 'personal rumination', 'nominal rumination', and 'baseline counting'. The rumination conditions were separated by a neutral (counting) task to eliminate neural carry-over effects. For personal rumination, participants spent 2 min ruminating(More)
BACKGROUND Prepulse inhibition (PPI) has become a major experimental paradigm in the study of psychiatric disorders. In this study, a potential confound in measurement and interpretation of PPI, namely startle reactions to so-called "nonstartling" prepulses, was examined. METHODS Prepulses of 80, 85, and 90 dB(A) were presented on their own or followed by(More)
The human startle reflex, as indexed by strength of eyeblink to a sudden, loud noise, has been shown to vary according to the presence of pleasant and unpleasant stimuli. An experiment was conducted to determine whether this effect is in turn dependent on the personality of the subject. Subjects viewed a series of slides classified as pleasant, unpleasant(More)
Gray and McNaughton [Gray JA, McNaughton N. The neuropsychology of anxiety. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2000] predict that fear is associated with orientation away from threat whereas anxiety is associated with orientation towards threat; this first dimension of 'defensive direction' is independent of a second dimension of 'defensive intensity'.(More)